Dictionnaire Philosophique Kindle º


    Dictionnaire Philosophique Kindle º dites barbares Voltaire, à force d'analogies, nous invite au relativisme, fondement de l'esprit de tolérance dont il aura été l'apôtre le plus convaincu D'une lecture amusante autant qu'instructive, ce dictionnaire, où souffle à chaque page l'esprit des Lumières, nous éveille à la Raison par alphabet, pour reprendre le titre éloquent donné à l'ouvrage dans son édition dePaul Klein."/>
  • 634 pages
  • Dictionnaire Philosophique
  • Voltaire
  • French
  • 01 October 2019
  • 9782080700285

10 thoughts on “Dictionnaire Philosophique

  1. E. G. E. G. says:

    Introduction

    --Philosophical Dictionary

    Chronology


  2. Riku Sayuj Riku Sayuj says:

    Aptly described as 'a deplorable monument of the extent to which inteligence and erudition can be abused'. The circumcised selection of topics illustrate how truly limited Voltaire's supposed erudition was. Pick up only if you want to while away empty hours in trains, plotting definitive revolutions.


  3. Roy Lotz Roy Lotz says:

    There is the history of opinions, which is hardly anything but a collection of human errors.

    I turned to this book, partly, as an antidote to Henry James’s prose. Where James is convoluted, orotund, and ambiguous, Voltaire is quick, sprightly, and specific. His prose rolls along in a series of witty epigrams that makes for easy reading, no matter the content. No wonder he became so famous.

    This book is a kind of personal Encyclopédie—a series of essays on various topics, arranged alphabetically. Unlike Diderot’s project, however, this work is not meant to inform or instruct; it is a work of propaganda. Voltaire takes every opportunity to argue for his customary opinions, which I doubt will resonate with most contemporary readers. An enemy of religion, Voltaire is nevertheless convinced that a belief in God is necessary. An enemy of tyranny, Voltaire was also very skeptical about the prospects of democracy.

    A man of letters rather than a philosopher, Voltaire’s arguments are rather weak and shallow. A master of satire, he is far more effective at making fun at the absurdities of human life than he is in offering anything to replace them. What compels, then, is a wit of historical proportions fired by righteous indignation and a sparkling intelligence. Personally I find it to be refreshing, even if I do not get any concrete ideas or information from the book. Voltaire was a force rather than a thinker; and one enjoys the man present in his writings more than anything that can be abstracted away. That is quite enough for me.


  4. Darran Mclaughlin Darran Mclaughlin says:

    Wonderful. This book exemplifies everything positive about the enlightenment. Voltaire is clear, crisp, witty and learned. He was a formidable enemy of the establishment, wielding his immense reading, logic and irony like a scalpel, cutting through the obfuscation and bullshit of the aristocracy and church. Nietzsche admired him and he shares his lively, sprightly, literary style, which contrasts with the heavy, ponderous style of most German philosphy. Unfortunately French philosophers abandoned Voltaire as a stylistic influence for Heidegger, abandoning what it was Nietzsche admired about French style in the process.


  5. 8314 8314 says:

    This book and Voltaire himself are a delicate balance of some of the most dangerous traits. Let me start with this book: there are some sparkles of extremely daring and destructive philosophical statements in this book (e.g. [Caractère] and [Guerre]), but it's merged within an ocean of prejudices, superstitions and double standards -- which Voltaire wouldn't acknowledge since he's so enlightened -- and personal resentments. This combination of contents is the most dangerous of all, since it would lure whatever reader into thinking that they are of the same type with Voltaire, and then swallow those most subversive suggestions with (near-sighted and sometimes straight-up stupid) witty irony without realizing it. This is, I'm borrowing this vocabulary from Jung, poisonous. The book itself is unforgivably poisonous, not because of its content per se, but because of the long-term effect it could have on people's psyche.

    And the character of Voltaire, as displayed in the book, is no better. He is extremely biased and partial, with the additional quality that he could dress up his own prejudice as if it was a sound and just statement. Moreover, he is definitely not stupid, which means that it would take a hell of work to peel off all those witty protective shells he layered on his prejudice -- humorous and well-learnt as it appeared to be, but a prejudice nevertheless. However, he also has an amazing gift of being superficial: there are many times that he swept through the surface of the very darkness of human civilization, without going any deeper and without realizing what kind of monstrous psychological effect he is conjuring, and then he just, simply, turned his head away. At first I found it to be somewhat charming, because this attitude is extremely wise provided with the fact that one knows what one is doing. And then I found that Voltaire does this systematically without systemizing what he has said elsewhere. It's like a dumbass wearing a necklace made of Radium and flaunted it to others: Look, it glows in the night! These three traits, with the right portion, would add up to be the ultimate protection of one's prejudices, which is exactly what Voltaire appears to be for me.

    I just don't want to shelf this book to be philosophy because it's the right opposite of philosophy. It's the most destructive shadow of the very creed Sapere Aude. What a bummer.
    既然伏尔泰君如此喜欢儒教,最后拿孔老夫子的一句话回敬他好了:『始作俑者,其无后乎!』


  6. Ali Makki Ali Makki says:

    A great book from the period of enlightenment by a great philosopher who employed the method of critical inquiry to expose the implausibility of widely-held religious doctrines, thus, destroying the illusion that we already comprehend the world perfectly.
    He rejects the absurd and wicked claims of the religious and calls for finding answers in the marvels of science and the higher and deeper reaches of literature and for honestly accepting the fact of our ignorance as vital steps toward our acquisition of genuine knowledge in our quest to discover the universal definitions of the key concepts governing human life.


  7. Lane Wilkinson Lane Wilkinson says:

    An irreverent look at 18th century intellectualism by one of the masters of satire. Apologetic theology never had it so rough.


  8. bubonic bubonic says:

    Originally published as a response to Diderot's, Encyclopedia, it became a book with its own merits in later editions which is the one that we are familiar with today. Wholly advocating for religious toleration, as the theme in France was the persecution of Protestants and Calvinists, one will find this theme throughout the various essays.

    Not quite as illuminative as it was during the enlightenment, there are numerous essays that stood the test of time. Namely the essays: False Minds, Free-will, God, Liberty Sects and others. False Minds is very apropos as societies are fighting the idea of alternative facts currently. The next three have the themes as defining what we mean by free will and what it is that we mean when we refer to the Supreme Being. Lastly, Sects, deals with how logic and mathematics have no such thing as a sect as they have truth in their foundation whereas religious sects wage wars arguing over what is true and just.

    My favorite essay of the 96 compiled essays has to be Fraud. This is an essays written as a conversation between to learned men. One being a fakir the other a disciple of Confucius. They debate things such as Cartesian Doubt and whether or not we should teach people by deceiving them. Hilarious and enlightening but stood out to me as one of great ones.

    This books is jam packed with references - some very obscure, most of them obscure, and some common references. The Wikipedia app on a tablet or phone will be your best friend if you want to get everything you can out of this remarkable book.


  9. Alex Rubenstein Alex Rubenstein says:

    He asks great questions--insightful and preternatural for his time. A complement to Candide on a larger scale of philosophy, but troubling in its contradictions that I am surprised he himself did not catch. Voltaire clearly presents himself as a devoutly religious individual with immense respect for God. He presents now defunct arguments (per evolution and natural selection) about the existence of God as fact based on the beauty of the universe and faculties of man to behave in his environment. The issue is how he can reconcile this belief in tune with his equally pertinent questions of why evil, maladies, disease, famine et al exist in this world with his staunch belief that his God should not allow this if we do live in the best of all possible worlds...


  10. Alonso Alonso says:

    hard to write a better review than the ones read in here, but i guess i'll just mention that i had to recommend it to all my 'friends' here in goodreads. it is, imo, a must read for anyone who reads.


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Dictionnaire Philosophique❴Reading❵ ➺ Dictionnaire Philosophique Author Voltaire – Buyprobolan50.co.uk Voltaire, avec son esprit acerbe et sa plume subtile, a trouvé dans la forme du dictionnaire une voie royale d'expression qui lui permis d'échapper à la censure de son temps Utilisant le jeu des re Voltaire, avec son esprit acerbe et sa plume subtile, a trouvé dans la forme du dictionnaire une voie royale d'expression qui lui permis d'échapper à la censure de son temps Utilisant le jeu des renvois entre les définitions pour tromper la vigilance des autorités et insérant ses analyses les plus iconoclastes dans la définition de termes anodins, Voltaire se livre à un jeu de piste à l'attention d'un lecteur averti, incité à concevoir ce dictionnaire comme un véritable rébus Ainsi, à l'article Idolâtrie, Voltaire ose comparer les Grecs possédant la statue d'Heraclès aux chrétiens qui ont celle de saint Christophe, ou encore rapprocher nos cultes des coutumes dites barbares Voltaire, à force d'analogies, nous invite au relativisme, fondement de l'esprit de tolérance dont il aura été l'apôtre le plus convaincu D'une lecture amusante autant qu'instructive, ce dictionnaire, où souffle à chaque page l'esprit des Lumières, nous éveille à la Raison par alphabet, pour reprendre le titre éloquent donné à l'ouvrage dans son édition dePaul Klein.


About the Author: Voltaire

, Age of Enlightenment leader Francois Marie Arouet, known as Voltaire, was born in Paris Jesuit educated, he began writing clever verses by the age of He launched a lifelong, successful playwriting career in , interrupted by imprisonment in the Bastille Upon a second imprisonment, in which Francois adopted the pen name Voltaire, he was released after agreeing to move to London There he wrote Lettres philosophiques , which galvanized French reform The book also satirized the religious teachings of Rene Descartes and Blaise Pascal, including Pascal's famed wager on God Voltaire wrote: The interest I have in believing a thing is not a proof of the existence of that thing Voltaire's French publisher was sent to the Bastille and Voltaire had to escape from Paris again, as judges sentenced the book to be torn and burned in the Palace Voltaire spent a calm years with his deistic mistress, Madame du Chatelet, in Lorraine He met the year old married mother when he was In his memoirs, he wrote: I found, in , a young woman who thought as I did, and decided to spend several years in the country, cultivating her mind He dedicated Traite de metaphysique to her In it the Deist candidly rejected immortality and questioned belief in God It was not published until the s Voltaire continued writing amusing but meaty philosophical plays and histories After the earthquake that leveled Lisbon in , in which , people perished and another , were wounded, Voltaire wrote Poème sur le désastre de Lisbonne Poem on the Lisbon Disaster: But how conceive a God supremely good Who heaps his favours on the sons he loves, Yet scatters evil with as large a hand?Voltaire purchased a chateau in Geneva, where, among other works, he wrote Candide To avoid Calvinist persecution, Voltaire moved across the border to Ferney, where the wealthy writer lived for years until his death Voltaire began to openly challenge Christianity, calling it the infamous thing He wrote Frederick the Great: Christianity is the most ridiculous, the most absurd, and bloody religion that has ever infected the world Voltaire ended every letter to friends with Ecrasez l'infame crush the infamy — the Christian religion His pamphlet, The Sermon on the Fifty went after transubstantiation, miracles, biblical contradictions, the Jewish religion, and the Christian God Voltaire wrote that a true god surely cannot have been born of a girl, nor died on the gibbet, nor be eaten in a piece of dough, or inspired books, filled with contradictions, madness, and horror He also published excerpts of Testament of the Abbe Meslier, by an atheist priest, in Holland, which advanced the Enlightenment Voltaire's Philosophical Dictionary was published in without his name Although the first edition immediately sold out, Geneva officials, followed by Dutch and Parisian, had the books burned It was published in as two large volumes Voltaire campaigned fiercely against civil atrocities in the name of religion, writing pamphlets and commentaries about the barbaric execution of a Huguenot trader, who was first broken at the wheel, then burned at the stake, in Voltaire's campaign for justice and restitution ended with a posthumous retrial in , during which Parisian judges declared the defendant innocent Voltaire urgently tried to save the life of Chevalier de la Barre, a year old sentenced to death for blasphemy for failing to remove his hat during a religious procession In , Chevalier was beheaded after being tortured, then his body was burned, along with a copy of Voltaire's Philosophical Dictionary Voltaire's statue at the Pantheon was melted down during Nazi occupation D Voltaire , pseudónimo de François.