Lack of Character: Personality and Moral Behavior MOBI


10 thoughts on “Lack of Character: Personality and Moral Behavior

  1. Steven Steven says:

    This week was my first ever teaching experience as a teaching assistant, I led a discussion group of 24 students on this week s theme of the course moral character and situationism For the situationist argument, we read sections of Doris book Doris uses the results of social psychological experiments to argue against the notion of that there is something like a fixed character, with broad, global traits The results from countless experiments demonstrate not only the power of the situation This week was my first ever teaching experience as a teaching assistant, I led a discussion group of 24 students on this week s theme of the course moral character and situationism For the situationist argument, we read sections of Doris book Doris uses the results of social psychological experiments to argue against the notion of that there is something like a fixed character, with broad, global traits The results from countless experiments demonstrate not only the power of the situation in determining human behavior but the disproportionally large effect that morally irrelevant situational factors have on our moral behavior For instance, experiments by Isen and Levin show that finding a dime in a phone booth vs not finding a dime greatly influences how likely people are to help someone pick up a dropped folder, with those finding the dime being muchlikely to help If such a small thing like finding a dime can affect our moral behavior like helping someone gather their fallen belongings then what does this say about character According to Doris, it means at least that we do not have particularly strong and stable characters Further, on the destructive side of human behavior, the experiments by Milgram and Zimbardo reveal that relatively normal and good people can behave atrociously in certain situations Again, character or personality does not seem to explain much of what we do the situation is thepertinent and powerful factor in moral behavior Against the situationist view, we considered two recent criticisms by Kleingeld First, that below the inconsistency in declared versus observed behavior in the Milgram experiment, for instance, between good people who would not hurt another person versus what they actually end up doing may lie some trait, like egoism, which is not consistently associated with observable good bad behavior She offers the example of the egoistic politician, who is beneficent in front of cameras but not when no one observes her The situationist can only explain this scenario according to the situational factors of camera versus no camera while, in fact, there is so argues Kleinberg a stable underlying trait at work, namely egoism The second criticism is related to the ethico political agenda of the situationist, who advocate situation management as opposed to the traditional building of character or a virtuous personality The criticism regards a paradox in the situationist position in order to manage one s situations, one has to assume a sort of person who cares about the outcomes of their actions and seeks to consistently manage situations, et cetera which comes very close to assuming a kind of person, that is, a person with a certain character or at least someone who has reasons for acting as opposed to being merely at the mercy of situations Kleingeld does not deny the power of the situation The body of social psychological research does not allow this, I think But the interpretation of the studies is of course still open for debate and the position of Doris that there is no such thing as character is probably overstated


  2. Bluebell Bluebell says:

    An informative book with lots of citations of the psychological studies The author apparently read a lot of relevant empirical work However, the arguments lack sufficient rigor and the claims made often seem stronger than what can be supported by cited evidence.


  3. Chris Meyers Chris Meyers says:

    Virtue ethics, the ethical theory of Aristotle, has experienced a revival over the last 50 years and has become a major contender in contemporary moral philosophy John Doris, however, argues that virtue ethics is inconsistent with facts about human psychology He points to experiments in social psychology that support situationism the view that much of what we do is determined not by what kind of people we are but by the situation we are in For example, one experiment tested whether unwitting Virtue ethics, the ethical theory of Aristotle, has experienced a revival over the last 50 years and has become a major contender in contemporary moral philosophy John Doris, however, argues that virtue ethics is inconsistent with facts about human psychology He points to experiments in social psychology that support situationism the view that much of what we do is determined not by what kind of people we are but by the situation we are in For example, one experiment tested whether unwitting subjects exiting a phone booth would help a stranger who dropped a stack of papers For some subjects, a dime was planted in the phone booth Those who found the dime helped 88% of the time those who did not find a dime helped only 4% of the time Thus, whether you help has little to do with what kind of person you are and is mostly influenced by trivial features of the situation.Situationism seems to imply that the robust character traits required for virtue ethics do not exist Virtue ethics is guilty of committing the fundamental attribution error overestimating character traits as influencing behavior and underestimating situational factors Further, virtue ethics is unhelpful as a normative theory because it give us advice that most of us cannot act on and encourages us to cultivate and rely on character traits that we cannot acquire and are not reliable Doris argues, rather convincingly, that we would do better morally to try to control our situation that to try to mold our character.Doris might be faulted for giving the misleading impression that situationism is uncontroversially accepted as fact in social psychology Nevertheless, his argument against virtue ethics is devastating And the book is a fascinating read for anyone interested in contemporary moral philosophy


  4. Andrew Andrew says:

    The swagger of the iconoclast is tolerable when there are solid arguments behind it in this case, while there are some genuinely interesting points, you have to sift through a great deal of confusion to get to them Doris often seems to think he s attacking the notion of character itself which leads him to a lot of self important rhetoric about the need to abandon something he calls characterological ethics but when he starts discussing actual data, he seems to abandon those arguments, The swagger of the iconoclast is tolerable when there are solid arguments behind it in this case, while there are some genuinely interesting points, you have to sift through a great deal of confusion to get to them Doris often seems to think he s attacking the notion of character itself which leads him to a lot of self important rhetoric about the need to abandon something he calls characterological ethics but when he starts discussing actual data, he seems to abandon those arguments, claiming instead that character should be understood in terms of local traits This local traits argument seems perfectly plausible, and in fact a significant contribution to virtue ethics But Doris seems not to know what arguments he s making Instead of assessing the implications of a local traits model of character for virtue ethics, he keeps returning to the odd claim that characterological ethics should be abandoned altogether This is, perhaps, support for his ultimate contention that people aren t as consistent as they think they are But it makes for frustrating reading


  5. lauren lauren says:

    this was recommended by the ethicist of the new york times when i went to one of his lectures good very involved andlike a text book than anything, but supremely interesting.


  6. Chandra Chandra says:

    On all accounts, an excellent work of research Highly recommended to anybody interested in personality psychology and the ethics of character.


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Lack of Character: Personality and Moral Behavior ➻ Lack of Character: Personality and Moral Behavior Download ➼ Author John M. Doris – Buyprobolan50.co.uk This book is a provocative contribution to contemporary ethics and moral psychology, challenging fundamental assumptions about character dating to Aristotle John Doris draws on an array of social scie This book is a provocative contribution to contemporary Character: Personality PDF Ë ethics and moral psychology, challenging fundamental assumptions about character dating to Aristotle John Doris draws on an array of social scientific research, especially experimental social psychology, to argue that people often grossly Lack of PDF/EPUB ² overestimate the behavioral impact of character and grossly underestimate the behaviorial impact of situations Circumstance, Doris concludes, often has extraordinary influence on what people do, whatever sort of character they may appear to have He then considers the implications of this of Character: Personality PDF Ì observation for a range of issues in ethics, arguing that with realistic picture effect, cognition, and motivation, moral psychology can support compelling ethical theories and humane ethical practices.

  • Paperback
  • 288 pages
  • Lack of Character: Personality and Moral Behavior
  • John M. Doris
  • English
  • 16 December 2019
  • 0521608902

About the Author: John M. Doris

Is a well known author, some of his Character: Personality PDF Ë books are a fascination for readers like in the Lack of Character: Personality and Moral Behavior book, this is one of the most wanted John M Doris author readers around the world.