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Amerika Dersleri - Gelecek Bin Yıl İçin Altı Öneri A M Z N En Ilgin , En Nemli Yazarlar Ndan Biri Olan Italo Calvino Nun Amerika Dersleri, Yazar N Retim Y L Nda Harvard Niversitesi Nde Vermesi Gereken Bir Konferans Dizisinin Metinlerinden Olu Uyor Calvino, Y L Nda Ld I In Konferans Dizisi Ger Ekle Ememi , Ama Geriye Son Derece Nemli Metinler Kalm T Calvino, Konferans Temas Na Alabildi Ine Anlaml Bir Ba L K Se Mi Ti Gelecek Biny L In Alt NeriLucretius, Ovidius, Boccaccio, Cavalcanti, Leopardi, Kundera, Flaubert, Gadda, Musil Ve Perec In Yap Tlar N N Yan S Ra Kendi Yap T Ndan Da S Z Eden Calvino, Amerika Dersleri Ne U C Mlelerle Ba L Yor Edebiyat N Gelece Ine Olan G Venim, Kendisine Zg Ara Lar Yla Ancak Edebiyat N Verebilece I Eyler Oldu Unu Bilmemden Kaynaklan Yor O Nedenle Bu Konferans M , Edebiyat N Ncelikle Nemli Buldu Um Baz De Erlerine, Niteliklerine Ya Da Kendine Zg Zelliklerine Ay Rmak, Bu De Erleri Yeni Biny L A S Ndan De Erlendirmek Istiyorum

  • Paperback
  • 151 pages
  • Amerika Dersleri - Gelecek Bin Yıl İçin Altı Öneri
  • Italo Calvino
  • Turkish
  • 10 March 2019

About the Author: Italo Calvino

Italo Calvino was born in Cuba and grew up in Italy He was a journalist and writer of short stories and novels His best known works include the Our Ancestors trilogy 1952 1959 , the Cosmicomics collection of short stories 1965 , and the novels Invisible Cities 1972 and If On a Winter s Night a Traveler 1979.His style is not easy to classify much of his writing has an air reminiscent to that of fantastical fairy tales Our Ancestors, Cosmicomics , although sometimes his writing isrealistic and in the scenic mode of observation Difficult Loves, for example Some of his writing has been called postmodern, reflecting on literature and the act of reading, while some has been labeled magical realist, others fables, others simply modern He wrote My working method hasoften than not involved the subtraction of weight I have tried to remove weight, sometimes from people, sometimes from heavenly bodies, sometimes from cities above all I have tried to remove weight from the structure of stories and from language.



10 thoughts on “Amerika Dersleri - Gelecek Bin Yıl İçin Altı Öneri

  1. says:

    This is a series of lectures and in each of them Calvino takes it upon himself to recommend to the next millennium a particular literary value which he holds dear, and has tried to embody in his work That way this book becomes not only a manifesto on how to write but also a guide to interpreting Calvino s writings 1 Lightness not frivolity but a lightness of touch that allows the writer and reader to soar above the paralyzing heaviness of the world.2 Quickness the mental speed of the narra This is a series of lectures and in each of them Calvino takes it upon himself to recommend to the next millennium a particular literary value which he holds dear, and has tried to embody in his work That way this book becomes not only a manifesto on how to write but also a guide to interpreting Calvino s writings 1 Lightness not frivolity but a lightness of touch that allows the writer and reader to soar above the paralyzing heaviness of the world.2 Quickness the mental speed of the narrative he takes the rapid trot of a folktale as his model here The narrative should pull the reader along and not get mired up in questioning the non essential parts.3 Exactitude the novel should be perfectly proportioned Calvino says his guiding image when composing a literary work is the crystal the magnificent complexity of it and the fact that it can be held in one hand and admired despite all that complexity The only way to capture life might be to crystalize it with rigid rules 4 Visibility or the visual nature of the literary work is all important For Calvino, every story begins as a visual cue, to whichandimages are added until he has to summon words to describe this profusion of images He worries about what will happen to the originality of the visual imagination in a world supersaturated by external images.5 Multiplicity a literary work should try to encompass the whole known world It should be ambitious beyond measure Without unachievable ambition among its practitioners, literature cannot survive long So Calvino exhorts us to soar beyond the most distant horizons we can conceive of and then to look down and see everything and then write everything This section is a paean to the encyclopedic novel.And lastly,6 Incompleteness a good novel would be incomplete, just like this list No one could locate the last memo

  2. says:

    Lezioni americane sei proposte per il prossimo millennio Six Memos for the Next Millennium, Italo CalvinoSix Memos for the Next Millennium is a book based on a series of lectures written by Italo Calvino for the Charles Eliot Norton Lectures at Harvard, but never delivered as Calvino died before leaving Italy The lectures were originally written in Italian and translated by Patrick Creagh The lectures were to be given in the fall of 1985, and Memos was published in 1988 The memos are lectu Lezioni americane sei proposte per il prossimo millennio Six Memos for the Next Millennium, Italo CalvinoSix Memos for the Next Millennium is a book based on a series of lectures written by Italo Calvino for the Charles Eliot Norton Lectures at Harvard, but never delivered as Calvino died before leaving Italy The lectures were originally written in Italian and translated by Patrick Creagh The lectures were to be given in the fall of 1985, and Memos was published in 1988 The memos are lectures on the values of literature that Calvino felt were important for the coming millennium At the time of his death Calvino had finished all but the last lecture The Memos The values which Calvino highlights are 1 Lightness 2 Quickness 3 Exactitude 4 Visibility 5 Multiplicity All that is known of the sixth lecture is that it was to be on consistency 2009 1387 160 9789642090139 1394 140 9789642132683 20

  3. says:

    English review at the bottom Per spiegarvi perch bisognerebbe leggere questo saggio a tutti, anche a chi di letteratura non gliene importa e non ne mastica, user una citazione, una soltanto.Siamo nella prima lezione, Leggerezza Uno degli emblemi di questo valore per Calvino il Cavalcanti protagonista della novella VI,9 del Decameron, un personaggio silenzioso, solitario, un personaggio, anche, che all inizio della novella in questione sembra molte cose, ma non leggero un intellettuale, English review at the bottom Per spiegarvi perch bisognerebbe leggere questo saggio a tutti, anche a chi di letteratura non gliene importa e non ne mastica, user una citazione, una soltanto.Siamo nella prima lezione, Leggerezza Uno degli emblemi di questo valore per Calvino il Cavalcanti protagonista della novella VI,9 del Decameron, un personaggio silenzioso, solitario, un personaggio, anche, che all inizio della novella in questione sembra molte cose, ma non leggero un intellettuale, un filosofo, un letterato, un giovane che rinuncia volentieri alla vita chiassosa e gaudente della giovent fiorentina e preferisce dedicarsi alla riflessione, alla meditazione, ai libri Tale messer Betto e la sua compagnia, allora, decidono un giorno di occupare il proprio tempo dando briga al povero Guido, che in quel momento passeggia tra i sepolcri di marmo disposti davanti alla chiesa di San Giovanni I giovani cominciano a sbeffeggiarlo sembrano divertirsi, anche, finch Guido non risponde con delle parole che li spiazzano Signori, voi mi potete dire a casa vostra ci che vi piace E Boccaccio continua cos E posta la mano sopra una di quelle arche, che grandi erano, s come colui che leggerissimo era, prese un salto e fusi gittato dall altra parte, e sviluppatosi da loro se n and L interpretazione di questa controbattuta deliziosa, e la lascio a voi, perch , come mi capitato recentemente di constatare, le battute e le citazioni en passant hanno pi gusto quando le si assaggia solo col pensiero, senza adoperare il bisturi del ragionamento scritto che ne squarcerebbe il velo Ma arriviamo cos alla citazione che vi avevo promesso col mio attacco no, non era quella la citazione , ossia le parole con cui Calvino commenta questo episodio L agile salto improvviso del poeta filosofo si solleva sulla pesantezza del mondo, dimostrando che la sua gravit contiene il segreto della leggerezza, mentre quella che molti credono essere la vitalit dei tempi, rumorosa, aggressiva, scalpitante e rombante, appartiene al regno della morte, come un cimitero d automobili arrugginite Ecco perch questi saggi andrebbero letti a tutti e da tutti Anche per tante altre ragioni, ma soprattutto per questa perch Calvino non parla mai di letteratura per la letteratura Parla di letteratura per l oggi Parla di letteratura per me e per i miei coinquilini ingegneri, per mia madre che quando sente nominare Dante suda perch le ricorda le interrogazioni al liceo, per mio padre medico che da ragazzino voleva leggere ma non poteva farlo perch non poteva permettersi i libri, per mia sorella, ragazzina, che i libri pu permetterseli ma pare che non voglia investirci pi tempo di quanto sia decoroso per una giovincella degli anni duemila Quando Calvino parla di letteratura, parla della mia letteratura, della sua letteratura, della letteratura di tutti e della letteratura che non esiste, e che forse esister o forse no, lui una buona parola ce l ha messa Parla di una letteratura eterea come profumo e concreta come pane, e io lo amo.Quindi, gente, parliamo un po di letteratura anche noi, parliamone senza essere pesanti e senza essere frivoli Parliamo di letteratura e facciamo vedere che esser leggeri si pu , ed un bene, e che ancor meglio se si leggeri pensando Che, se qualcuno se lo stesse chiedendo, non affatto un ossimoro.ENGLISH REVIEWIn order to explain you why everybody should read this book, even those who about literature don t care and don t understand a thing, I ll use a quote, just one quote.We are in the first of the lectures, or memos , according to the title Lightness According to Calvino, one of the most effective symbols of this value is the character of Guido Cavalcanti he s an Italian poet of the XIII century, he really existed, but be aware that here Calvino s talking about the fictional character , whom we find in the ninth story of the sixth day in Boccaccio s Decameron Cavalcanti is quiet, solitary he seems many things, but, at least at the beginning of the story, he does not seem light Quite the opposite he s an intellectual, a philosopher, a man of letters, a young man who, rather than spending his time with the boisterous Florentine youth, prefers devoting himself to his studies and his meditations So, one day, Messer Betto and his company see Guido walking meditatively among the marble tombs placed in front of the church of San Giovanni in Florence, and they decide to have a little fun of him Guido s reply floors them Gentlemen, you may say anything you wish to me in your own home And that s how Boccaccio s goes on Then, resting his hand on one of the great tombs and being very nimble, he leaped over it and, landing on the other side, made off and rid himself of them I could write a never ending poem about why this translation which, by the way is not mine but taken from the original English text of Calvino s memos is several light years away from the beauty and the elegance that this same passage has in Italian, but that s not the point at all.I want to leave the interpretation of this quick banter to you, because, as I myself have recently noticed, quotes and witty remarks have a sweeter taste when you taste them only with your mouth, without exposing them to the revealing scalpel of a written and thus definitive explanation.But now, here it is the quote I promised you at the beginning because no, the previous quote still wasn t it , that is how Calvino comments this episode The sudden agile leap of the poet philosopher who raises himself above the weight of the world shows that with all his gravity he has the secret of lightness, and that what many consider to be the vitality of the times noisy, aggressive, revvy and roaring belongs to the realm of death, like a cemetery for rusty old cars This is why these essays should be read by everyone and to everyone They should also for other reasons, but for this one above all because Calvino never speaks about literature only for the sake of literature He speaks literature fo me and my two flatmates who wants to be engineers, for my mom who can t hear Dante s name without sweating because it reminds her of her school days, for my dad, a doctor, who as a child wanted to read and couldn t because he didn t have the money to afford books, for my little sister who can afford books but doesn t want to give themtime than what s appropriate for a teenager from 2000 When Calvino talks about literature, he talks about my literature, and his literature, and everyone s literature and the literature that does not exist, that maybe will or maybe won t, but however it goes he still gave it credit He tells us about a literature as ethereal as a scent and as concrete as your daily bread, and I love him.So, people, let s talk about literature, let s talk about it without heaviness and without frivolity Let s talk about literature and let s prove that it is possible to be light, and that it s a good thing to be such, and that, better still, it is possible to be light and thinking Which, for those who are wondering, is not at oxymoron at all

  4. says:

    Let s start with the fact that Italo Calvino is one of my favorite writers of all time His crystalline surrealism, easy tone at least in translation , and whimsical subjects by which I mean situations and characters, inclusive are, to me, compelling To say that I went into this book with a favorable view of the author would be a gross understatement I absolutely adore Calvino s work.Now, I am also discovering that I don t really like many books about writing Moorcock s Death is No Obstacl Let s start with the fact that Italo Calvino is one of my favorite writers of all time His crystalline surrealism, easy tone at least in translation , and whimsical subjects by which I mean situations and characters, inclusive are, to me, compelling To say that I went into this book with a favorable view of the author would be a gross understatement I absolutely adore Calvino s work.Now, I am also discovering that I don t really like many books about writing Moorcock s Death is No Obstacle is, so far as I ve read, the best book on writing out there Calvino s Six Memos for the Next Millennium is a close second A very close second.What you won t find in this book are lessons on grammar, editorial tips, or the best way to market your book to the masses using obnoxious tactics like going on Goodreads and spamming members when you have not bothered to reviewthan a half dozen books or looked to see if said members share any kind of interest in books of your type whatsoeversorry, was I using my outside voice when I said that Silly me.What you will find here is a peek behind Calvino s magic curtain You will see that even his explanations about how he does his work are magical You won t see the nuts and bolts of how Calvino mechanically goes about constructing his stories though he is very methodical , but you will see a high level treatise on Calvino s state of mind as he writes This is a philosophical text cleverly disguised as a book about writing.The book is divided into five sections Five you ask What happened to the sixth The sixth memo is Consistency, lightly penciled into the handwritten table of contents provided by Calvino at the beginning of the book In fact, it looks as if it had been written in, then erased, an irony that is as Calvino esque as anything else I can think of.The first memo, Lightness, is the one thing that I struggle with the most as a writer Here, Calvino is not talking about lightness as it relates to hue, but as it relates to mass He gives the example from Boccaccio s Decameron, a story in which the Florentine poet Guido Cavalcanti is beset by some men who want to pick a philosophical fight with him in a graveyard Guido, seeing himself surrounded by them, answered quickly Gentlemen, you may say anything you wish to me in your own home Then, resting his hand on one of the great tombs and being very nimble, he leaped over it and, landing on the other side, made off and rid himself of them.Now, call me strange it s true , but this is something I can sink my writerly teeth into I can apply this principle of lightness, not because Calvino has given me specific instructions on how to do it, but because he has opened a window for me to stick my head out, look around, take stock of the landscape, and enjoy it He s put me in the headspace I need to be in to integrate this principle of lightness into my writing.And so it is with the remaining principles Of Quickness, Calvino states I am a Saturn who dreams of being a Mercury, and everything I write reflects these two impulses.And, reading the context of this memo, I know exactly what he means and see that struggle in myself In fact, this is my favorite quote about writing ever written But can I take this down to the grammatical level and explain it to someone else Hardly I know in my bones what Calvino is saying, but explain it in figures and diagrams, I cannot.In the section on Exactitude, Calvino goes to some extent to explain how vagueness can only be properly described, with exactitude In speaking of the evocative power of words and the importance of using them in the most exact way, he states The word connects the visible trace with the invisible thing, the absent thing, the thing that is desired or feared, like a frail emergency bridge flung over an abyss.Again, a bit of intuition and reflection is required to really grasp what he is saying Not because his statement is poorly written, but because this notion is an abstract concept This writing book, if one can assign such a banal descriptor to it, requires the reader to think Memo four, Visibility, dwells on the imagination as the impetus for all creativity, particularly the visual imagination While he acknowledges that literary work might arise from the hearing of a good turn of phrase or from an academic exercise, the majority of such creations arise from a visual cue in the writer s mind Thus, the need to use exactitude to describe the visual seed of a story or book, which allows the reader to see into the mind of the writer, if but for a moment, and anchors the story in the reader s mind Multiplicity is the fifth and most inappropriately titled memo I might have used the word Nestedness or even Complexity to give the reader a head start, but, hey, it wasn t my book to write I do feel that this is the weakest section of the book and Calvino acknowledges as much , as the decision to try to form an all inclusive novel meaning including ALL , is really a question of writerly preference, rather than a universal principle which one ought to apply to writing a novel Still, Calvino calls on the example of Borges and the Oulipo to demonstrate what is possible in a novel, eve if the pursuit of such a work might not always be advisable.As a part of this fifth memo, Calvino states his vision of the aim of literaturethe grand challenge for literature is to be capable of weaving together the various branches of knowledge, the various codes, into a manifold and multifaceted vision of the world.Unfortunately, Calvino did not live to see the new millennium He would have been fascinated by the possibilities of hypertext, no doubt, and his memo on multiplicity dwells, in fact, on the need foropen ended work with several possible endings, a multi dimensional plot that reaches through various realities a la Borges The Garden of Forking Paths , and gathers them into one text He even goes so far as to call his experimental If on a winter s night a traveler a hypernovel Perhaps, in another reality, Calvino is exploring the infinite possibilities of literature and will one day find his way back to teach us , like some kind of literary Messiah In the meantime, he has left Six Memos for the Next Millennium as a travel journal showing the direction he might have gone inviting us to follow

  5. says:

    I would not be so drastic I think we are always searching for something hidden or merely potential or hypothetical, following its traces whenever they appear on the surface I think our basic mental processes have come down to us through every period of history, ever since our Paleolithic forefathers, who were hunters and gatherers The word connects the visible trace with the invisible thing, the absent thing, the thing that is desired or feared, like a frail emergency bridge flung over an aby I would not be so drastic I think we are always searching for something hidden or merely potential or hypothetical, following its traces whenever they appear on the surface I think our basic mental processes have come down to us through every period of history, ever since our Paleolithic forefathers, who were hunters and gatherers The word connects the visible trace with the invisible thing, the absent thing, the thing that is desired or feared, like a frail emergency bridge flung over an abyss.Calvino s posthumous lectures are a grand gallop across a cherished earth of letters The Six Memos For The Next Millennium are a celebration of Lightness, Quickness, Exactitude, Visibility and Multiplicity the sixth was never written at the time of Calvino s passing The ruminations and citations extend from Ovid and Lucretius onward through Dante, Boccaccio, Shakespeare, Cyrano, Valery, Flaubert, Musil and, especially, Borges This is a wonderful construction, one without grandiosity, but teeming with an organic eloquence.Were I to choose an auspicious image for the new millennium, I would choose that one the sudden agile leap of the poet philosopher who raises himself above the weight of the world, showing that with all his gravity he ahs the secret of lightness, and that what many consider to be the vitality of the times noisy, aggressive, revving and roaring belongs to the realm of death, like a cemetery for rusty old cars

  6. says:

    Calvino s lectures, prepared but not delivered late in his career, are just as thought provoking as his fiction He discusses some key, broad aspects of literature, and his personal discoveries of certain propulsive forces in writing His discussion of Multiplicity I found most interesting, and the way he categorized encyclopedic and plural texts It will certainly aid your understanding if you are already familiar with Flaubert, Gadda, Balzac, Ovid, Dante, Boccaccio, Shakespeare, Mann, Goethe, Calvino s lectures, prepared but not delivered late in his career, are just as thought provoking as his fiction He discusses some key, broad aspects of literature, and his personal discoveries of certain propulsive forces in writing His discussion of Multiplicity I found most interesting, and the way he categorized encyclopedic and plural texts It will certainly aid your understanding if you are already familiar with Flaubert, Gadda, Balzac, Ovid, Dante, Boccaccio, Shakespeare, Mann, Goethe, Poe, Borges, Calvino, Leopardi, Eliot, Joyce, Perec, da Vinci and , but familiarity is by no means required for enjoyment Skillfully, Calvino ropes in the work of all of these authors, outlines their methods in some measure and suggests how precisionism or autodidacticism or lightness and suggestion led into the completion or success of the work By handling a wide range of styles and general approaches, Calvino offers a splendid viewpoint of artistic achievements of the mind.There are many quotes, especially from the Zibaldone, which could have used some condensation But it is easy to see how Calvino s own work, such as If On a Winter s Night, Cloven Viscount, Baron in the Trees, Nonexistent Knight, Invisible Cities, Palomar, Cosmicomics and other books, were inspired by literary predecessors, and he even reveals the sparks of intuitive imagination that led to their shape and form

  7. says:

    INTERVIEWER What place, if any at all, does delirium have in your working life ITALO CALVINO DeliriumLet s assume I answer, I am always rational Whatever I say or write, everything is subject to reason, clarity, and logic What would you think of me You d think I m completely blind when it comes to myself, a sort of paranoiac If on the other hand I were to answer, Oh, yes, I am really delirious I always write as if I were in a trance, I don t know how I write such crazy INTERVIEWER What place, if any at all, does delirium have in your working life ITALO CALVINO DeliriumLet s assume I answer, I am always rational Whatever I say or write, everything is subject to reason, clarity, and logic What would you think of me You d think I m completely blind when it comes to myself, a sort of paranoiac If on the other hand I were to answer, Oh, yes, I am really delirious I always write as if I were in a trance, I don t know how I write such crazy things, you d think me a fake, playing a not too credible character Maybe the question we should start from is what of myself do I put into what I write My answer I put my reason, my will, my taste, the culture I belong to, but at the same time I cannot control, shall we say, my neurosis or what we could call delirium Italo Calvino is a literary philosopher He has always strived to provide an alternative view to see through this world and to decipher its beauty and secrets through the mode of imagination and fantasy His mind is few of those which fascinates and asks me to question the very possibilities of human intelligence When I finished reading, If on a winter s night a traveller and Invisible Cities , I was intrigued and thrilled, and had a nagging curiosity to understand the working the underlying formula the quest which must have lead the author to write them Six Memos for the next millennium provides me a window to understand the methodology and motivation of Calvino s art and magic.Reading Calvino is an experience in itself He has the marvelous gift to create at the juxtaposition of science and art, the man who wants to combine both This particular book under discussion is a loose speech prepared to be delivered in Charles Eliot Norton Lectures, in 1984They became an obsession, and one day he announced to me that he had ideas and material for eight lectures , writes his wife Esther And further continues to say that the eighth lecture, had it been presented, would have been,On the beginning and the ending of novelsBut this collection has five lectures, sixth one unwritten, and provides the dissection of Calvino s own works and also an idea of the enormous range of his inspirations.Heads up, Calvino places Lightness as the first value to be discussed As someone whose writings makes the reader to fly, it is no surprise that Calvino places this value on top He is quick to make it clear that he is proposing to talk of the lightness which one derives from intelligence thoughtfulness, and not the lightness of frivolityLightness for me goes with precision and determination, not with vagueness and the haphazard , and aptly quotes Paul Valery,One should be light like a bird, and not like a featherOf all the passages which he writes to espouse his first value, the one that stood close to my heart is his tribute to Milan Khundera s novel The unbearable Lightness of Being When I finished Kundera s novel, I had the feeling of jubilant joy and freshness as if I stood beside a waterfall with patchy greenery surrounding it I never fully understood the reason behind the light feeling I had then, for the novel is an excruciatingly painful one to read But, Calvino explains beautifullyHis novel shows how everything we choose and value in life for its lightness soon reveals its true, unbearable weight Perhaps only the liveliness and mobility of the intelligence escape this sentence the very qualities with which this novel is written, and which belong to a world quite different from the one we live inWith Quickness as his second lecture, he brings open the secret of a story which is its economy, the form and structure, rhythm and underlying logic His love for fairytales and folklore, and his varied reading of classics have peppered the whole book, and he quotes them laboriously to show the agility of thought and expression Like a tangent that strikes an arc and flow on its own, he touches Galileo, Leopardi and mythology, and he turns himself into a thread that connects the parallels He also predicts the sure raise of mass media and social media , and had the foresight to suggest that Conciseness will be the virtue of the new millenniaI will confine myself to telling you that I dream of immense cosmologies, sagas, and epics all reduced to the dimensions of an epigramIn Exactitude and Visibility , Calvino explores the calculated and well defined symmetry of a work, and the beauty and nature of visual imagination, respectively Julian Barnes has said,Everything you invent is true you can be sure of that Poetry is a subject as precise as geometryIt is the same kind of obsession which Calvino exudes His search is to create an art as perfect as a mathematical equation or a geometry To create an orderliness using literature as his mediumLiterature and I mean the literature that matches up these requirements is the Promised Land in which language becomes what it really ought to be.A work of literature is one of these minimal portions in which the existent crystallizes into a form, acquires a meaning not fixed, not definitive, not hardened into a mineral immobility, but alive as an organism Poetry is the great enemy of chance, in spite of also being a daughter of chance and knowing that in the last resort, chance will win the battle Both Exactitude and Visibility are also the values which could easily be expected in other arts and most importantly in painting, drawing etc., Perhaps, is it because of the fact that Calvino himself was trained in the art of drawing when he was an adolescent and his extraordinary love for movies as a youngster that must have led him to the love of forms and colors Next to Lightness and Quickness , my favorite lecture is on Multiplicity No wonder Calvino is inspired by technical engineer background writers like Gadda and Musil, and he is also enad by their capacity of excruciating detail He quotes Gadda, Musil and Proust, all of those authors who never had an ending for their works as a denouement or struggled to have a one, something a game which Calvino would like to play in his literary works Isn t it ironic and looks like a divine comedy that this book which stands as his final legacy must itself remain unfinished, although each of the chapters is surrealistically complete and conclusive on its own But perhaps the answer that stands closest to my heart is something else Think what it would be to have a work conceived from outside the self,a work that would let us escape the limited perspective of the individual ego, not only to enter into selves like our own but to give speech to that which has no language, to the bird perching on the edge of the gutter,To the tree in spring and the tree in fall, to stone, to cement, to place. Somewhere else, Calvino wrote almost emphatically,the less one understands theposterity will appreciate my profundity of thought In fact, let me sayPOSTERITY IS STUPID Think how annoyed they ll be when they read that Perhaps, Calvino might have treated Posterity with less glory and empathy But, time, the sure hands of which determines the best, will always treasure Calvino as an original writer, with a voice which movingly spoke for all that is wonderful in human beings, for all the ages to come and even beyond eternity.References 1

  8. says:

    Calvino is just so effortlessly wonderful He and literature have a very intimate relationship and she tells him secrets about herself that no one else gets to hear Until now Calvino spills the beans on what are the qualities he feels are most important to the literature of the future lightness, quickness, exactitude, visibility, and multiplicity.I think my favorites were lightness and multiplicity considering that quickness, exactitude, and visibility seem to be very self evidently positive Calvino is just so effortlessly wonderful He and literature have a very intimate relationship and she tells him secrets about herself that no one else gets to hear Until now Calvino spills the beans on what are the qualities he feels are most important to the literature of the future lightness, quickness, exactitude, visibility, and multiplicity.I think my favorites were lightness and multiplicity considering that quickness, exactitude, and visibility seem to be very self evidently positive qualities of literature who wants to read a slow, vague, abstract novel But the idea of lightness as a positive quality was fresh for me not lightness as insubstantial but rather, be light like the bird, not the feather And the goal of literature as a connector of the wildly disparate knowledges of the modern world, the multiplicity of knowledge in every book, I think is a courageous call to arms, especially if coupled with quickness and lightness.Calvino occasionally meanders a wee bit too far from his topics in the essays but his digressions are terrifically thought provoking His vast knowledge of world literature is also inspiring he basically provides a list of great authors you should read if they re good enough for Calvino.Although this has the potential to be a little bit too academic for some, I heartily recommend this as caviar for a hungry mind

  9. says:

    Italo Calvino, given the meticulousness and conceptual cohesion of his storytelling, is an unsurprisingly lucid theorist as well Among his final works, these five essays were drawn from lectures he he was prevented from delivering by his death in 1985, each covering a different literary trait he most valued A 6th was never written down Equally ordered and discursive, each offers insight into Calvino s writing though much of it this is self evident in the writing, as well , commentary on li Italo Calvino, given the meticulousness and conceptual cohesion of his storytelling, is an unsurprisingly lucid theorist as well Among his final works, these five essays were drawn from lectures he he was prevented from delivering by his death in 1985, each covering a different literary trait he most valued A 6th was never written down Equally ordered and discursive, each offers insight into Calvino s writing though much of it this is self evident in the writing, as well , commentary on literary history, and useful notes on areas of consideration that should really be on any writer s mind when beginning a new work Actually, following that prior comment, I should say these traits are SO self evident in Calvino s writing that the direct explication of them is almost unneccessary Not that there isn t much to value here, but only after you ve already considered works like Invisible Cities and If on a Winter s Night a Traveler for yourself The examples outshine their analysis, or any specific analysis for that matter

  10. says:

    After posting a couple grumbling reviews, I owe the world of authors some gratitude I first read Calvino s little book in 1988 and periodically I pick it up and read parts of it again Six Memos are actually five lectures illuminating the qualities Calvino most valued in fiction lightness, quickness, exactitude, visibility and multiplicity What s almost miraculous is that Calvino s lectures are perfect examples of the virtues he celebrates graceful, amused, lustrous with civilized intelli After posting a couple grumbling reviews, I owe the world of authors some gratitude I first read Calvino s little book in 1988 and periodically I pick it up and read parts of it again Six Memos are actually five lectures illuminating the qualities Calvino most valued in fiction lightness, quickness, exactitude, visibility and multiplicity What s almost miraculous is that Calvino s lectures are perfect examples of the virtues he celebrates graceful, amused, lustrous with civilized intelligence Criticism practiced as delight.Here s one of my favorite snippets, from the chapter Quickness I would like to edit a collection of tales consisting of one sentence only, or even a single line But so far I haven t found any to match the one by the Guatemalan writer August Monterroso Cuando despert , el dinosauro todav a estaba all When I woke up, the dinosaur was still there

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