Il pendolo di Foucault Epub µ Il pendolo Epub /

Il pendolo di Foucault ❰Reading❯ ➿ Il pendolo di Foucault Author Umberto Eco – Umberto Econun ilk romanı olan Gülün Adı gibi bu ikinci romanı Foucault Sarkacı da bildiğimiz roman türlerinden hiçbirine girmiyor Belki de en uygunu onu bir bilim roman ya da Eco roman diye Umberto Econun ilk romanı olan Gülün Adı gibi bu ikinci romanı Foucault Sarkacı da bildiğimiz Il pendolo Epub / roman türlerinden hiçbirine girmiyor Belki de en uygunu onu bir bilim roman ya da Eco roman diye nitelendirmek Foucault Sarkacı çok katlı çok değişik düzlemlerde okunabilecek bir roman Bu da romana değişik açılardan yaklaşmamıza olanak veriyor Foucault Sarkacı kısaca irrasyonel düşüncenin yıllık tarihinin küsur sayfalık bir serüveni Pozitif bilimin yanısıra uzantıları günümüze dek süregelen gizli bilimlerin Ortaçağı da kapsayan çok uzun bir zaman dilimi içinde bilim büyü kardeşliğinin öyküsü Okuyucuların bu çetin ama keyifli okuma serüveninden nice hazlar derleyecekleri umuduylaŞadan Karadeniz.

About the Author: Umberto Eco

Umberto Eco was an Italian writer of fiction essays academic texts and children's books A Il pendolo Epub / professor of semiotics at the University of Bologna Eco’s brilliant fiction is known for its playful use of language and symbols its astonishing array of allusions and references and clever use of puzzles and narrative inventions His perceptive essays on modern culture are filled with a delightful sen.

10 thoughts on “Il pendolo di Foucault

  1. Will Will says:

    Imagine three sarcastic over educated editors who work at a vanity publisher Owing to their occupation they naturally end up reading an abundance of books about ridiculously grand conspiracy theories and occult societies the Freemasons the Templars the Rosicrucians the Illuminati Bavarian and otherwise and so on So they start to play a sort of free association game Let's connect all these things using the same half mad logic as the authors of these books into one grand design Thus The Plan is bornBut they're too good at it The Plan starts to get away from them After so long immersed in the dream logic of conspiracy theories you can form seemingly natural and ominous connections between any pair of things So when strange and ominous things do happen when the pieces seem to start falling into place is it just coincidence? Are the things they thought they were making up real?Yes as others have said you'll get out of this book if you know multiple languages have a dictionary handy have some background in the occult etc Considering that the author and the protagonists are all polyglot intellectuals with doctorates in literature andor medieval history it'll naturally help you if you are similarly educated But I don't think that's necessary to enjoy the book overall It is wry and intellectual but at its heart it's a detective thriller A friend goes missing and Our Hero needs to find out why And he finds a lot than he bargained forSome notes for readers this book follows the pattern Our Hero just before the Final Confrontation takes a moment to flash back to all the circumstances leading him to this moment So you start out right near the end You will be confused and overwhelmed Press on dear reader All the important things will be explained Don't worry too much if you don't know everything about Kabbalah or Socialism in Italy in the 1960s they are not vital to the story But reading about them does add to the enjoymentIn fact I think that might be one of my favorite things about this book the sheer breadth of the references and allusions medieval history to James Joyce to the Beatles I could probably spend a couple of months plugging everything I didn't understand from my first reading into Wikipedia and seeing what I find outWhich I plan to do On my second reading

  2. This Is Not The Michael You& This Is Not The Michael You& says:

    This book consists of predominantly two things 1 Endless dialogue by mentally unbalanced paranoid conspiracy theorists; 2 Endless dialogue by scholars who study mentally unbalanced paranoid conspiracy theorists This is not a bad book but its not an easy read and not really a particularly enjoyable one My enjoyment or lack thereof was tempered by the fact that I was apparently trying to read one story but the author was trying to tell a different one Put another way I was trying to read about plot but the author was trying to write about person Conceptually this book is fascinating but the execution was wanting; again this may be because Eco was trying to tell a different story than I wanted to readMany others describe this book as thrilling or a roller coaster ride but it's not It's supposed to be I think but the tension is lost in the morass of dialogue and background In the end rather than being a book about conspiracy theorists which is what 90% of the text is about it's almost a book about self image It does show how conspiracy theorists can make any idea self prophecisizing sp? but it could have been done in a much cleaner approachable fashion

  3. Ian "Marvin" Graye Ian "Marvin" Graye says:

    PLAYFULAn Opening GambolWhile I first read this novel in 2009 I bought a second hand copy in May 2013 for 7 which I thought was a bargain price for the degree of pleasure it's given meOnly when I was half way through did I notice a sheet of white paper slipped into the last pagesIt shows four hand drawn circles each of which contains the name of a city and a number If the numbers represent years they cover 21 years If you add 2 and 1 you get the number 3 If you examine the gaps between the years you get the numbers 11 4 and 6 If you add these numbers you get 21 which when added together comes to 3 If you add 1 1 4 and 6 you get 12 which when added comes to 3 If the numbers are not years and you add them together you get 8015 If you add these numbers you get 14 and if you add 1 and 4 you get 5 If you add 3 and 5 you get 8 which is exactly twice the number of circles on the sheetHere is a photo of the sheetI've been back to the bookshop where I bought my copy but the owner wasn't able to remember who she had bought the book fromI'm not sure how many of these cities get mentioned in the novel all but Madrid as it turns out unless I'm mistaken However I've since discovered the following facts with the assistance of Professor GooglewikiManchester is the home of the Manchester Unity of Odd Fellows in England from which some Rosicrucian Orders derive their charterMadrid is the home of Gran Logia AMORC Jurisdicción de Lengua Española para Europa Africa y AustralasiaThe Rosicrucian Order Christian Order of the Hermetic Gold RoseCross is based in Los AngelesIn Paris the Temple was a medieval fortress located in what is now the 3rd arrondissement The Knights Templar originally constructed it as their European headuartersIf you have any ideas about the significance of this sheet of paper please message me or post them in the comments below with a spoiler warning Alternatively please send them with a stamped addressed envelope containing US20 processing fee plus any gratuity you are happy with to my home addressIf you're the first to work out some sort of solution that convinces me of its authenticity I'll post a photo of something that might absolutely amaze you PS Brian's hypothesis has convinced meHow Foucault's Pendulum Works Maybe1 Imagine the Earth is a perfectly spherical hollow ball it is you know or is it?2 Imagine that a steel cable 6371 kilometers long is attached to the bottom side of the North Pole This is or less the radius of the Earth3 Imagine that a really bloody heavy lead bob is attached to the end of the cable4 Let's imagine that the Earth isn't tilted off its axis5 Let's say we're sitting underground on a couch somewhere north of the Euator and we drag the cable and bob over to the inside of the sphere then we let it go so that it starts swinging through the centre of the Earth and over to the other side6 Let's assume that the bob swings in the one plane a constant relative to the space outside the sphere of the Earth eg as measured relative to the stars6 Let's try to do this very carefully just in case it swings back to exactly where we're sitting on the couch7 But it doesn't See steps 10 and 118 Let's assume that the bob swings so uickly that it takes an hour to swing back to the side it started ie a complete cycle9 Let's assume that the Earth is rotating once every 24 hours it is you know or is it?10 Every hour the earth moves 15 degrees around its own 360 cycle 360 degrees24 hours 15 degrees11 By the time the bob returns to our side of the Earth it touches the inside of the sphere 15 degrees away from our couch12 Repeat another 23 times and the bob comes full circle and smashes our couch13 Fortunately it doesn't smash us as well because by now we understand how Foucault's Pendulum works and we got off the couch just in time14 If we map the path of the bob it will look something like this except that there would be 24 repetitions instead of eight 15 If we mapped 24 repetitions the map would look like a rose Hence in mathematics this type of map is referred to as a rose or rhodonea curve and each half of a repetition from the circumference to the centre is called a petal16 Hence in Foucault's Pendulum Umberto Eco takes us from The Name of the Rose to The Shape of the Rose17 It is possible that everything I've said to you so far is falseSERIOUSThe uest for HappinessFoucault’s Pendulum is at once a Post Modernist and an Existentialist novelUmberto Eco’s focus is not just Religion It’s any form of ideology Fascism the Resistance God SocialismFor Eco these ideologies or belief systems are “Fixed Points” that determine our relationship with the cosmosWhile individual lives might be relatively chaotic in constant motion the belief systems are supposed to fix and secure our relationship with the universe They create orderThe vehicles through which the novel explores these issues are the Word the Book the Manifesto the Strategy the Plan even the Five Year PlanAll of these things exist because we don’t uite know what we need or want We’re not yet happy nor do we really know how to get happy Each one is an apparatus which is offered to us to help in our uest for happinessThe Credulity of the Non BelieverEco loosely uotes GK Chesterton as follows When men stop believing in God it isn’t that they then believe in nothing they believe in everythingThere is some uncertainty about the actual origin and wording of this uotation I wondered whether it had simply been translated from English to Italian and then back to English without checking the original However the accurate version of it is When people stop believing in God they don’t believe in nothing — they believe in anythingFilling the VoidReligion maintains that God exists everywhere for us and that the void does not exist However its opponents acknowledge that there is a void but argue that it should not exist A void had been created and it has to be filledWhat is to be done?Somehow the Book whether or not it contains the Holy Word has become the vehicle with which to fill the void create meaning document beliefs and practices and address the need to be happyEsotericaMajor Religions have their own Holy Book However side by side with them are heretical esoteric and occult works that cater to the same needMany fraternities and orders have grown up around these books I wonder what proportion of the members are female? Their members derive order from their order In the case of the military orders the members also get their orders from their orderTo the extent that these books and beliefs have been perceived as heretical or threatening by mainstream religious institutions a culture of secrecy has grown up around them hence the term secret societiesThe Mystery DanceThere is often a sense in which some level of mystery and imprecision needs to be preserved The Templars' mental confusion makes them indecipherableBecause heretical beliefs are erroneous in the eyes of the Church Eco implies that error is almost a secondary issue within esoterica An error can be the unrecognised bearer of truth True esotericism does not fear contradictionWhat’s important is the uestion and the mystery as opposed to the answer and the certaintyA secret remains enchanting until it has been revealed at which point it has been emptied of enchantmentEco even speculates that the secret might be that there is no secret as long as those outside the order believe those inside know something they don't knowSecrecy is important than the substance of the secret Perhaps what is most valuable is the bond between the members of the orderThe secret might simply be the framework or glue that initially connects them Once the order is in place it can survive of its own accord A Post Modernist PrankThe Post Modern aspects of the novel derive from the narrative in which its three protagonists Casaubon Belbo and Diotallevi resolve to fabricate a work of esoterica so that a specialist publisher for which they work can capitalize on a credulous market the PlanFoucault’s Pendulum becomes a novel about the invention and construction of a work of non fiction that is actually fictitious perhaps one that even seeks to arrive at the truth through the painstaking reconstruction of a false textThe work needs to have words and facts and connectionsLike the bond of a secret society the power of words emerges from their connection Any fact becomes important when it’s connected to another The connection changes the perspective; it leads you to think that every detail of the world every voice every word written or spoken has than its literal meaning that it tells us of a Secret The rule is simple Suspect only suspect You can read subtexts even in a traffic sign that says ‘No littering’ Invent Invent WildlyThe protagonists discover that their creative process follows certain apparently spontaneous rulesThe foundation stone is Concepts are connected by analogy There is no way to decide at once whether an analogy is good or bad because to some degree everything is connected to everything elseThat said readers are comfortable with the conventional with what they have heard before with facts with which they are already familiar The connections must not be original They must have been made before and the often the better by others Only then do the crossings seem true because they are obviousThe connections can be crazy as long as the facts are recognisedThe protagonists are urged to Invent invent wildly paying no attention to connections till it becomes impossible to summarizeTout se tient in the end If tout se tient in the end the connection works So it’s right It's right because it worksThis concept and phrase is usually attributed to the semiotician Saussure In language every element connects to supports and is supported by every other elementYou can also see Eco's theories about how we read influencing not just his own novel but the Book the Plan that his protagonists are authoring Protagonists and SpectatorsThe characters' level of participation and commitment to the project varies Belbo would never be a protagonist he decided to become instead an intelligent spectator He can’t write fiction but he can fabricate non fiction He also maintains a diary in which he fictionalizes his past and presentIronically despite his lack of creative self confidence Belbo remains a major protagonist in Eco’s novel Fear forced him to be brave Inventing he had created the principle of realityExistentialism Doubt and ConfidenceBelbo's realism results from courage which in turn strengthens Casaubon’s resolveCasaubon learns the real source of Belbo’s lack of confidence an event in his childhood when he had to fill in for a trumpeter in an impromptu public performanceCasaubon concludes that there are for all of us certain decisive moments when we have to confront the essence of our character and fate How we deal with these moments determines the happiness in the rest of our livesThese moments don’t necessarily have anything to do with God Fate or the supernatural Nor do they depend on the execution of Plans They do have to deal with self doubt and our inner reserves both of energy and of insightThese discoveries force Casaubon to uestion his adherence to the principles of the Enlightenment including Cartesian Doubt I had always thought that doubting was a scientific duty but now I came to distrust the very masters who had taught me to doubtI devoted myself to Renaissance philosophers and I discovered that the men of secular modernity once they had emerged from the darkness of the Middle Ages had found nothing better to do than devote themselves to cabala and magicEat a PeachCasaubon has his own existential trumpet moment at the end of the novel when he must learn to play with the cards that Fate has dealt him yet like Belbo when he played the trumpet when I bit into the peach I understood the Kingdom and was one with itUltimately it’s a moment that only the individual can handle We have to figure it out for ourselves There is no Plan there is no Map Kill me then but I won’t tell you there’s no Map If you can’t figure it out for yourself tough shitFoucault's Pendulum takes us on this journey with consummate intelligence traditional esoteric and pop cultural allusiveness literary skill and humour The Hollow ObeliskAFFECTIONATECasaubon’s Last Letter to His Wife Lia Animula vagula blandula Hospes comesue corporis It hurts me to think I might not see you again It was all my fault I was seduced away from you not by another woman but by another Other something I thought was beautiful because I was helping to construct itPeople are hungry for plans for cosmic solutions you said If you create one they’ll descend on it like wolves If you make one they’ll believe it It’s just make believe Pow it’s wrongYou always knew the book was superficial that it was a fake that there was no truth contained between its covers But I made them all believe it had both truth and depth Deep down I knew they desired what this book had to offer mystery secrecy answers certainty Even though once they had read it the mystery would dissipate and they would be left satisfied but empty with nothing left nothing new to strive for Neither grail nor uestMy audience was weak unlike you who are strong You don’t need answers from outside You’ve found them within In your own bodyOh I almost forgot you said I’m pregnantI remember looking at you just before you told me You were caressing your belly your breasts even your ear lobes I was oblivious I couldn’t understand these moves you were making I had always thought of you as so slim and supple Now I picture you as buxom rosy cheeked and healthy – I should have realised that you were pregnant You were trying to solve my problem I was single minded about that You spoke confidently You radiated a serene wisdom You were luminous You illuminated both of us I realise now it might have been your maternal instinct a fledgling matriarchal authority that there were three of us present you me and Guilio – and that you were speaking for all threeI know you will take good care of Guilio Please let him know I will always love him Little soul you charming little wanderer my body's guest and partner HadrianA Letter from Lia to Guilio on the Occasion of His Thirteenth BirthdayMy dearest son Giulio your father wasn’t born a wise man but he died a wise man He didn’t plan to be wise or to die when he did but in many ways it was the result of a Plan even if it wasn’t only his PlanYour father died when he was ready He died at peace He died as soon as he had attained peace He attained his peace when finally he understood his place in the world He died when there was nothing left to learn and nothing left to understand By the time he died he had learned his place in the cosmos on this earth on this rock that is our homeYour father Casaubon was a philosophical man In the end the wisdom that he had finally learned gave him great certainty and comfort You were a big part of it You gave him certainty and comfort he called you his philosopher’s stone that’s how much you meant to him but eually he hoped and knew that the wisdom he had gained would pass on to youThis is what he learned and what he wanted me to tell you on his behalf Having learned he wanted to teach youThere is no map There is no plan There is only life There is only us Your father has gone already And one day when I am gone there will only be you left But you will have your wife and your children and each of them will be your philosophers’ stone Life will pass through your father and me to you and then from you and your wife to your children These are the connections between usWhat your father learned is no secret yet few get to know it in their lives Too many people look without success for secrets for profundity for inspiration Life is only as complicated as you make it Happiness is an open secret it’s within you it’s in your soul and all you have to do is open itI know how happy you have become how happy you are I am so proud of you and I know your father would be too We are grateful to you our son for the happiness you have given us and those who surround youSOUNDTRACKBeth Orton Sweetest DeclineShe weaves secrets in her hairThe whispers are not hers to shareShe's deep as a wellShe's deep as a wellWhat's the use in regretsThey're just things we haven't done yetWhat are regrets?They're just lessons we haven't learned yetBeth Orton M Ward Buckets of Rain Bob Dylan cover Cale I Keep A Close Watch video is an hilarious juxtaposition of lyrics and imagery just like the noveldEUS Nothing Really EndsThe plan it wasn't much of a planI just started walkingI had enough of this old townAnd nothing else to doIt was one of those nightsYou wonder how nobody diedWe started talkingYou didn't come here to have funYou said well I just came for youdEUS Nothing Really Ends Live NOTESI transferred my reading notes and updates to My Writings here

  4. Steven Godin Steven Godin says:

    When it comes to novels the size of bricks I have to admit to being a bit of a lightweight only reading a handful of books over 600 pages long and always enter with some trepidation Eco's Foucault's Pendulum is not uite brick big but then it doesn't look like it's been on a diet eitherIn terms of sheer scope and passionate ambition this really is something and it felt like a history lesson and a novel combined so kudos thereThis is a complex piece of writing that does reuire hard work from the reader in basic terms what starts out as a literary joke for three Milan based book editors soon sees them enter a world of deadly peril The narrator Casaubon an expert on the medieval Knights Templars and two editors working in a branch of a vanity press publishing house in Milan are told about a purported coded message revealing a secret plan set in motion by the Knights Templars centuries ago when the society was forced underground As a lark the three decide to invent a history of the occult tying a variety of phenomena to the mysterious machinations of the Order Feeding their inspirations into a computer they become obsessed with their story dreaming up links between the Templars and just about every occult manifestation throughout history even Mickey Mouse gets a mentionBut things start to turn very real for them and are targeted by an unknown enemy Just how much do they really know?To say this is a densely packed novel would be an understatement way than half of it's content is Eco having fun as a history Professor cramming in physics philosophy historical surveymathematical puzzles religious and cultural mythology rituals Rosicrucians Jesuits Freemasons Druids on so onHitler and his cronies come into the plot as well with a uite outrageous reason for slaughtering the Jews I would best describe Foucault's Pendulum as a metaphysical meditation but also part detective story it doesn't always work there are moments of brilliance within just not enough of the time the narrative eventually becomes bogged with so much accumulated data and supposition that had me going into meltdownIt was no doubt intriguing and highly ambitious which I give him credit for and Eco's passion for history is paramount throughout Only down side is that after 641 gruelling pages the finale was not really a finale I felt a little cheated after all the effort and wished for another 50 pages or so as to reach some sort of closure But to Eco's credit at least he made Dan Brown's Da Vinci Code look like it was written by a 12 year old

  5. Ahmad Sharabiani Ahmad Sharabiani says:

    Il pendolo di Foucault Foucault’s Pendulum Umberto EcoFoucault's Pendulum is a novel by Italian writer and philosopher Umberto Eco It was first published in 1988 and an English translation by William Weaver appeared a year later Foucault's Pendulum is divided into ten segments represented by the ten Sefiroth The satirical novel is full of esoteric references to Kabbalah alchemy and conspiracy theory—so many that critic and novelist Anthony Burgess suggested that it needed an index The pendulum of the title refers to an actual pendulum designed by the French physicist Leon Foucault to demonstrate Earth's rotation and has symbolic significance within the novel Some believe it refers to the philosopher Michel Foucault noting Eco's friendship with the French philosopher but the author specifically rejects any intentional reference to Michel Foucault —this is regarded as one of his subtle literary jokesتاریخ نخستین خوانش بیست و هشتم ماه دسامبر سال 2011 میلادیعنوان آونگ فوکو؛ نویسنده امبرتو اکو؛ مترجم رضا علیزاده؛ مشخصات نشر تهران، روزنه، 1389؛ در 2 جلد و 1172 ص، اندازه 215 در 145 صم، واژه نامه، شابک 9789643343187؛ موضوع داستانهای نویسندگان ایتالیایی سده 20 مداستان «آونگ فوکو» در زمان حاضر می‌گذرد ماجرای سه ویراستار بسیار کارکشته را بازگو می‌کند، که پس از تلاش بسیار در کار خود، دچار سستی می‌شوند، و تصمیم می‌گیرند، برای رهایی از رخوت، طرحی مشترک را اجرا کنند و ؛ «امبرتو اکو» در خلال بازگویی ماجرا، به بحث درباره ی تاریخ، ادبیات، متن، و تفسیر متن نیز می‌پردازد «آونگ فوکو» نام نوعی آونگ نمایشی ست، که به منظور نشان دادن چرخش کره ی زمین، به کار می‌رود آونگ، نخستین بار برای نشان‌ دادن حرکت وضعی زمین، توسط «لئون فوکو»، در سال 1851 میلادی آزمایش شد، و مورد توجه قرار گرفت ا شربیانی

  6. Traveller Traveller says:

    Descartes said Cogito ergo sumEco says I seek meaning therefore I am humanIt's very hard to succinctly describe exactly what this novel is From looking at the plot description you may be forgiven for assuming that it is a book like Holy Blood Holy Grail by Michael Baigent Richard Leigh and Henry Lincoln or Dan Brown's The Da Vinci Code There is an overlap in the fact that all three books deal with conspiracies that revolve around the mystical and mythical order of the Knight's Templar view spoiler who were among the most wealthy and powerful of the Western Christian military orders and were among the most prominent actors of Christian finance The organization existed for nearly two centuries during the Middle AgesOfficially endorsed by the Catholic Church around 1129 the Order became a favoured charity throughout Christendom and grew rapidly in membership and power Templar knights in their distinctive white mantles with a red cross were among the most skilled fighting units of the Crusades Non combatant members of the Order managed a large economic infrastructure throughout Christendom innovating financial techniues that were an early form of banking and building fortifications across Europe and the Holy LandThe Templars' existence was tied closely to the Crusades; when the Holy Land was lost support for the Order faded Rumours about the Templars' secret initiation ceremony created mistrust and King Philip IV of France deeply in debt to the Order took advantage of the situation In 1307 many of the Order's members in France were arrested tortured into giving false confessions and then burned at the stake Under pressure from King Philip Pope Clement V disbanded the Order in 1312 The abrupt disappearance of a major part of the European infrastructure gave rise to speculation and legends which have kept the Templar name alive into the modern day See hide spoiler

  7. Jaidee Jaidee says:

    3 the last of the pentalogy of puzzlement and perseverance stars A very difficult book to both rate and review As I read this book I reflected on four other books that have been considered great by so many of my friends and in particular my darling partnerThese five books to me were seeds and shadows of greatness but I felt were so heavily flawed that they became only fair to average good reads for meThese books are1 184 25 stars2Cloud Atlas 3 stars3 A Fine Balance 3 stars4 The Goldfinch 3 stars5 Foucault's Pendulum 3 starsThey were all extremely long books that perplexed me and I had to push push push to get throughI have no regrets reading any of them but I doubt I will return to any of them as they frustrated me to no end and I was not left with a feeling of awe or wonder or sense that I had read anything close to a masterpiece but rather like half finished paintings or half formed statues tepid tea cold pizzaThese books often had me uestion myself on my level of intelligence my sense of esthetics or if I was truly a worthwhile reader as these books were raved about by many people I admire and a few I even loveIn the end however I am entitled to feel ambivalent about what I read like what I like and see these books as struggles that helped me grow as a reader and further define my tastes in literatureThis book in particular challenged me throughout as at most I understood a third of the context I admired the fine line between truth and delusion and references to history religion science and magic I could have spent much longer on this novel and could have done much research to deepen my understanding but would throughout the book consciously choose not toI will leave you with a uote from the book that sums up the main gist of the book to my very limited understanding of what this novel is aboutThere are no bigger secrets because the moment a secret is revealed it seems little There is only an empty secret A secret that keeps slipping through your fingers The secret of the orchid is that it signifies and affects the testicles But the testicles signify a sign of the zodiac which in turn signifies an angelic hierarchy which then signifies a musical scale and the scale signifies a relationship amont the humors And so onAnd so my reading adventures will continue

  8. Jan-Maat Jan-Maat says:

    This is a novel that contrasts the acceptance and delight in the world as it is with the conseuences of the desire to read in meanings to everything that we see about us In Eco's earlier bookThe Name of the Rose the detective mystery was parodied and this is taken one step further in this novel The Detective mystery assumes that there is a mystery that can be solved It invites investigation In this novel the constant working deeper into mysteries produces only obscurity the penis is just a phallic symbolview spoiler or as has been said in Britain Brexit means Brexit hide spoiler

  9. Kara Babcock Kara Babcock says:

    I read a lot and the people around me are used to seeing a new book in my hand every day or couple of days Naturally they ask me what I'm reading usually in a way that implies I should divulge than just the title and the author which are plainly visible on the cover How do I respond when I'm reading something so sublime and transcendental as Foucault's Pendulum? It defies ordinary description of plot because Umberto Eco has again unified his narrative with his themes and characters to create a complex masterpiece Even the hook on the back of my paperback edition doesn't do it justiceAt its core Foucault's Pendulum is a fable about conspiracies It is a cautionary tale that demonstrates what happens when people begin to believe in conspiracy theories; lending credence lends life which can have unfortunate conseuences for everyone involved The main characters begin as sceptics working for a publishing house that's allied with a vanity press who begin constructing a fictitious Plan by connecting seemingly disparate historical facts When organizations and individuals begin showing up seeming to be acting in accordance with this Plan however our protagonists realize that if you make up a Plan even a false one someone might try to execute itThis book is not about conspiracy theories though It has been compared to The Da Vinci Code and of course there are similarities; both books deal with Templar mythology for instance Foucault's Pendulum is so much though It isn't a mystery about a conspiracy theory; it's a mystery that looks into the effects of conspiracy theories on otherwise rational scholarly people The narrative parallels the characters' journey in its own structure beginning with a strong foundation in logical principles and eventually transforming into a very spiritual emotional textWe have so many books based on the premise that such and such conspiracy theory is actually valid Here the theories are all fictitious; it begins as a harmless game among three people determined to mock conspiracy theories and the obsession with finding hidden meaning through occultism The theory only becomes real because people begin believing in it; they begin seeing meaning where before there was nothing no relationship Characters emerge ones we're familiar with from prior in the book who appear to have a part in this Plan and think it has been in operation for centuries These characters are in some ways created by their fellow characters our protagonists; Foucault's Pendulum is very meta authorial in that respect much like Sophie's WorldEco gives us an unreliable narrator so that we're forced to think critically about the story we're given and wonder how much is true and how much may be the feverish imaginings of an unbalanced misguided mind The narrator is named Casaubon and I'm very glad I read Middlemarch before reading this book Casaubon is sort of like his namesake from Middlemarch who devotes his life to the syncretic task of unifying human myths In Foucault's Pendulum Casaubon and his friends Belbo and Diotallevi sift through the slush of conspiracy lunatics Diabolicals to compile a master theory a Plan spun around the framework of the dissolution of the Knights Templar As they come to believe in the reality of their own Plan the world around them changes becomes darker and sinister All conflicts in this book even the external ones are ultimately internal created from our characters' own imaginations The fact that some of these internal conflicts manifest externally through the antagonism of rivals like Colonel Ardenti or Agliè gives the story plenty of variety In between we get glimpses of Belbo's childhood in rural Italy and Eco mentions both historical and contemporary Italian politics As an outsider I found this part of the book fascinating since I'm totally unfamiliar with Italian history or even how its citizens were affected by the rise of fascism and their time under Mussolini That's what I like so much about Eco he reminds me that I'm steeped in my own ignorance but he doesn't condescend me for it Instead he forces me to meet him on his intellectual levelOne thing that makes Foucault's Pendulum so transcendental is the fact that it's rife with allusions to medieval and Enlightenment history and philosophy arcane rituals and religions and other esoteric and occult phenomena You'd practically need a degree in these areas like Eco has to understand it all without a reference book; I don't and I admit I got lost at times Almost every page is filled with this historical references particularly when Casaubon Belbo and Diotallevi are thick in their discussions of the Plan Consider that for a moment I got lost in the historical detail of the book yet I'm still giving it five stars That's how good it is; even its flaws are strengthsStill the tendency of this text toward tones academic will turn some people off the book It may not be for everyone If you find yourself reading my review and thinking Hmm this sounds like it is right for me however don't wait Go out and get this book now Read it and then read it again I will some day because Foucault's Pendulum is one of those books where you need to read it through several times to grasp its complexity And every reading will be its own reward as reading should be

  10. Nathan Nathan says:

    The best book I have ever read It is the creepiest deepest and most brilliantly executed piece of literature Umberto Eco is a genius and if I could have a conversation with anyone it would be himThe book however is very difficult to read The language is dense and in the first 200 pages it beats you over the head with history of the Knights Templar and the Rosicrucians All of this history is necessary to make the second half cause you to shit your pants It's basically about these guys trying to write a fictional book about the plan for the universe by tieing together all of the secret societies and cults While they weave together all of this to create fiction it all begins to work as fact Then really creepy shit starts going downI recommend this book to EVERYONE Just be patient it will pay off

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