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Phèdre [BOOKS] ✬ Phèdre Author Jean Racine – Buyprobolan50.co.uk En 1677 Phèdre la dernière grande tragédie de Racine met en scène la mythiue descente aux enfers d'une incomprise Vouée au malheur par son hérédité Phèdre aime sans espoir son beau fils Hippo En Phèdre la dernière grande tragédie de Racine met en scène la mythiue descente aux enfers d'une incomprise Vouée au malheur par son hérédité Phèdre aime sans espoir son beau fils Hippolyte Lorsue son mari Thésée revient il envoie injustement son fils à la mort On assiste alors à l'empoisonnement d'une femme à la fois innocente et coupable Ironie tragiue ui démontre à uel point l'amour peut se vivre comme une malédiction.

  • Mass Market Paperback
  • 55 pages
  • Phèdre
  • Jean Racine
  • French
  • 13 February 2016
  • 9782030347850

About the Author: Jean Racine

Jean Baptiste Racine was a French dramatist one of the big three of th century France along with Molière and Corneille and one of the most important literary figures in the Western tradition Racine's dramaturgy is marked by his psychological insight the prevailing passion of his characters and the nakedness of both plot and stage Although primarily a tragedian Racine wrote one comedy.



10 thoughts on “Phèdre

  1. Renato Magalhães Rocha Renato Magalhães Rocha says:

    Phèdre is hydrogenPhèdre is heliumPhèdre is a starI say this not only because she's the main character in this glorious play and even less because she's been played by some of the greatest actresses in the world Sarah Bernhardt Helen Mirren Fernanda Montenegro yes even Brazil adapted this famous play but because she's constantly in a thermonuclear fusion between reason and emotion that ultimately leads to self destruction in such a powerful blast that affects all the other bodies that gravitate around herIn general terms hey I'm not a scientist just an enthusiast so bear with my simplifications here a star during the course of its life suffers from a combat of gigantic proportions between internal pressure caused by the fusion of hydrogen into helium in high temperature and high pressure reactions and gravity Once the fusion has been through enough for millions of years and exhausted its elements the radiation pressure becomes too much winning the battle against gravity and the star explodesPhèdre Jean Racine's protagonist suffers from an inner turmoil while trying to control her forbidden desires through her conscience the gravity that holds everything together within her wishing to transform love into hate to be able to keep Hippolyte away Exhausted by her constant struggle she collapses when she can't take the heat no through an explosion of unparalleled precedents gushing to unimaginable distances her true feelings like lava from a dormant volcano that's been inactive for centuries and that once active won't stop showing its true power its true magnitude and creating drastic conseuences which in Phèdre's case is the awaited confession of her incestuous feelings that have been suppressed for so long towards her stepsonLeaving the stars in the sky and volcano activity for own on safety extinct this is a very intense fascinating tragedy so much that I couldn't help but to read every line than a couple of times as if I was producing a stage adaptation of my own where I would play all characters and needed to memorize everything You will find here no filler scenes no unnecessary characters no gimmicks Instead of that Racine brought all big feelings into play there is guilt there is jealousy there is self loathing and of course there is love This is not a good vs evil confrontation which I find modern and down to earth as let's agree we all have good and bad inside of us so Racine excels in not creating determined heroes and villains but by writing of the conflicts between confused feelings which in their turn drive the actions between what has been decided pre established against desire in its purest form pure as in free from all boundaries and conventions Hippolyte loves Aricie even though she has to remain chaste and is prohibited territory by his father; and Phèdre falls in love with her stepson the main arch of this fascinating playThis is such a heavy psychological story that Racine had no need to resort to showing violence on stage feelings and words were enough An interesting parallel to be made here is how these characters were obviously fruits of the playwright’s wishes and commands from his dialogues to his stage directions just like we in our real lives can be controlled by such feelings as love and jealousy as if they were ruthless playwrights on their own writing and changing our lines and actions the way they see fit ignoring previous established thoughts and behaviors changing everything on the go leaving their 'actors' us to work without any rehearsal waiting for the spectacle to begin to then change everything leaving all that was planned behind Phèdre the woman had to improvise many times as well for she wasn't able to go on with what her reason had imposed on her losing control on stage This gave me a sense of realism although of course there were mythological elements involvedStill on the fact that there are no villains or heroes here even though Phèdre's or Oenone's actions were to be condemned still they are somehow understandable even if not agreeable once you consider the situation they're in Racine's own words of Phèdre is that she is neither entirely guilty nor altogether innocent She is involved by her destiny and by the anger of the gods in an unlawful passion at which she is the very first to be horrified She prefers to let herself die rather than declare it to anyone And when she is forced to disclose it she speaks with such embarrassment that it is clear that her crime is a punishment of the gods rather than an urge flowing from her own will”It may seem Phèdre's ordeal would be enough material to make this play so enchanting but no As I mentioned before there's another forbidden love blooming simultaneously that of Aricie and Hippolyte I have once to applaud Racine for his writing as I always found a fascinating topic that love's disguise is normally hatred instead of indifference Hippolyte in order to camouflage not hide his feelings for Aricie and the same applies in the beginning to how his stepmother acted towards him made use of hate It seems the desire of receiving something in return of awakening in the other any sentiment even hate is better than to go on unnoticed for receiving indifference back would be too harsh as if it would be easier to transform that sentiment into love than to generate a brand new feeling from scratchI’m beyond happy to have read this gorgeous play I find it delightful that in literature just as in life things are all interconnected Artists in their works generously offer us new material new books new writings to pursue as if to not abandon us knowing that ending a book leaves us with a sense of being lost so they show us the way to new knowledge to new books to new writers to whom we will devote ourselves until the time has come for us to jump on the next train which will in its turn connect us to others and unexplored roads That's how I came to know Racine and Phèdre at this time from reading another Frenchman work which came to me from another book and so on infinitely both onwards and backwards to an endless and very satisfactory journeyRating for a play that is to my knowledge psychologically accurate written in 17th century in depicting its characters' actions in a believable way and for Racine masterful writer and I must say the true protagonist here 5 stars that will keep on shining for a very long long time

  2. Kalliope Kalliope says:

    When is one guilty of something when one commits the reprehensible deed and only one knows it or when it is made known to others?Phèdre thinks that the latter case is a great deal worse worse even than death je meurs pour ne point faire un aveu si funesteje n’en mourrai plus j’en mourrai plus coupable And so probably did Racine because in his Phèdre the action is activated by Phèdre’s avowal of her guilt which she makes three times These three long solilouies are amongst the most famous parts of the play She is guilty of loving her stepson and she acknowledges this to her “confidente” Oenone to her stepson Hyppolite and to her husband Thésée These three confessions trigger the drama that unfolds irremediably fast bringing the tragic downfall of both guilty and non guiltyBut the interest of this play is not in the plot but in the themes that Racine so lyrically develops Love coupled with jealousy as a fatal damnation Treachery as the worst ignominy that can be suffered and inflicted Choices that remain captive and render Destiny unavoidable And expectedly in Racine the power of the word as the vehicle for the human soulRacine’s tragedies are distilled drama They are tragedies at their purest in which there is the very minimum of extraneous material Respecting the three Aristotelian units of one place one theme and one unit of time one day Racine also added the typically 17th century French concept of “bienséance” or “propriety” He approached the three units by emptying them as much as possible The place is no place but just an enclosing undefined lieu that traps the tragic heroes and heroines in their own disarrays The action takes place elsewhere and the messengers just inform the enclosed heroes about them The resulting single action we see acted is no action at all but the soul’s suffering them in a way similarly to Baroue opera in which the recitatives tell the story and the arias sing the feelings With so much material stripped out then everything can happen uickly We end up not been aware of whether it all happened in one day or in an accelerated condensed and immeasurable eternity On the stage are left the abstract concepts that do not resolveFor Phèdre has remained guiltyI have reread this play as a complement to reading Marcel Proust’s La recherche du temps perdu as part of the 2013 The Year of Reading Proust Group And since it is a play I have sought to watch it acted out I found this DVD and therefore my review will comment on this production as wellI should add that sadly this is the only filmed production of a Racine play that I have been able to find Are they commercially so unattractive? When I lived in Paris I was on a budget but was willing to stand and ueue for sometimes close to two hours to be able to get the cheapest tickets FF12 for the Comédie Française performances Corneille Marivaux but mostly Molière and Racine In one year I did not miss one single productionI am lucky that I have seen some wonderful productions of Racine at the CF then The stage settings were bare The accoutrements for emphasizing the Drama were almost only the costumes that the characters wore with their flowing tunics and floating capes and veils They were simple but made out of absolutely exuisite materials Contrasting hues in the clothing paralleled opposite personalities while subtle gradations in color tones marked allegiances Only tenuously would they distract from the declaimed verses The acting was selective Racine’s characters do not move abruptly nor do they gesticulate while they converse They do not need to touch since they reach each other with their words Racine’s heroes and heroines are walking and speaking souls When in this DVD Phèdre first appears on the stage as a crouching and limping neurotic woman I was shocked that this could be a Racine ueen I had been expecting a dignified dame whose august and majestic body carried the full weight of suffering in a stately manner Phèdre is most famous for her remarkable and very long monologues known to be so difficult to deliver well that they can make or unmake an actress It seems that theatre critics count their career in France by the number of Phèdres they have attended The legendary Sarah Bernhardt was unforgettably photographed in this roleBut this unappealing first entrance of a broken and bent Phèdre in my DVD is further followed by somewhat hysterical characters who shout at each other their love and longings Their incensed and broken sentences and undue emphasis at invented syncopations ruins Racine’s verses and rhyme For Racine was a master of the Alexandrines the twelve syllable verses with a clear caesura in its exact middle His iambic hexameters establish a cadential rhythm which measures an even pace True at selected times he breaks and joins the verses with a skillful “enjambement” the continuation of a thought in the following verse that has an effect of an accelerated train of thought but this enjambement ought not to interfere with a mellifluous enunciation of the lines His verses should have the lulling effect of a hypnotic lullaby In the DVD production with its broken chants and histrionic acting a worthy exception is Théramène’s account of Hyppolite’s death Were a film director of Steven Spielberg’s kind get hold of Théramène’s speech it would be inflated it into a fantastic rendering of monsters seas opening into abysms and a hair raising run of frenzied and desperate horses with a fatal conseuence Instead true to Racine a sad man barely moving declaims this succession of horrors without blinking depicting with only words the dreadful scene that gradually sinks the listening father into an unavoidable sorrow What a wonderful speechIt is not surprising that Racine’s selected use of words and exuisite ability with the Alexandrines would fascinate someone as careful and sensitive to the power of language as Marcel Proust We have Proust’s explicit admiration for the way Racine could twist the very formal structure of his verses and with a broken syntax add ambiguity and richness to his meaning These examples he gave are from Andromaue Pouruoi l’assassiner u’a t il fait? A uel titre ? ui te l’a dit ? But it was the poignant portrayal of guilty love in Phèdre that obsessed Proust And it is this play which he knew in its entirety by heart that he has associated to his fictional actress La Berma and which figures in La recherche repeatedly After this wonderful reading I will proceed with the rereading of plays by Racine and with the listening of Rameau’s Opera Hippolyte et Aricie

  3. Imane Imane says:

    I missed these French classics

  4. Amanda Amanda says:

    Let's see thwarted love betrayal implied incest heinous lies father son love triangle with wifestepmother and a whole lot of death at the end Um yeah that's the recipe for a pretty awesome story Phaedra married to Theseus has always nurtured a secret love for his son Hippolytus When she receives news that Theseus is dead she finally confesses her love to Hippolytus who is in love with Aricia and is disgusted by his step mother's advances But hey guess what? Theseus isn't dead and returns just in time for all Hades to break loose Soap operas have nothing on ancient Greek drama Plus on All My Children you never get a half bullhalf dragon sea beastie sent by Neptune to torch our hero into a crispy critter before his horses go mad crash the chariot and then drag him to death And I have to believe that's worth somethingCross posted at This Insignificant Cinder

  5. Hend Hend says:

    a tragic play Explores the Depths of the Human Soul fascinating in its complexityPhèdre the young and second wife of the king Theseus fall in love with his son Hippolytusher obsession disrupts hershe was losing her mind sees Hippolytus everywhere her offerings and prayers to change destination was in vainshe had Hippolytus exiledand dismissed him from her presence However she soon discovered that she could not remove his love from her heart It remained So she wished for death as the only way to end her Destined Love and to punish herself for her betrayal and forbidden and cursed love but the sudden announcement of Theseus' death changed everythingshe gives up her suicide plan and decided to enjoy life againShe lost control over herself and confess to Hippolytus her secret and passionate love her confession has had an unexpected resulthe has no pity on her and was in disgrace because of her shameful confessionTheseus' return And stopped the false rumors of his deathAt first Phèdre panicagain threatens suicidebut knowing Hippolytus's crush on the princess Aricia her hysterical rage fear and jealousy make her leave Oenoneher nurse accuses Hippolytus of attempting to seduce her Theseus is completely deceived Theseus believed her and cursed Hippolytus with one of the three curses he had received from Poseidon As a result Hippolytus' horses were frightened by a sea monster and dragged him to his deathPhaedra feels guilty she felt a total horror of herself Recognizing the atrociousness of her crime and the excruciating pain and feeling of disgust she declared the innocence of Hippolytusand then committed suicide

  6. Manny Manny says:

    There's an old Communist era joke uoted in the movie The Lives of Others about the Party Leader's conversation with the Sun The punchline is Fuck off I'm in the West now In Racine's play Phèdre also has a conversation with the Sun When I looked at the footnote I discovered that they were in fact close relativesWell as everyone knows these days being born into a rich powerful family isn't exactly a guarantee that you're going to have a happy life Generally you marry someone you don't much like get involved in an affair with a nasty but attractive person and then it all goes from bad to worse That's pretty much what happens to Phèdre But at least Racine makes it into a great story which is than you can say for your average royal gossip columnist

  7. Robert Robert says:

    Greek families Histrionics rash reaction instead of considered response inability to control emotion Tragedy THIS REVIEW HAS BEEN CURTAILED IN PROTEST AT GOODREADS' CENSORSHIP POLICYSee the complete review here GR only bit So if Goodreads was ever a family it's now clear that it was one that escaped from a Greek Tragedy It's fairly obvious that all the things in the first sentence of this review can be applied to the GR family the only uestions now is how many corpses are going to pile up as the Tragedy unfolds and whether we can summon a Diety to resolve the conflict for the futureno sign of Athena yet 's the pity

  8. David Sarkies David Sarkies says:

    A pretty brutal love triangle12 August 2013 This is apparently Racine's last play before he gave up the theatre scene to return to a religious life within the Jansenist sect For those who don't know what a Jansenist is and that would probably include most of us then picture a god who is mean nasty and smacks you over the head with a baseball bat when you step out of line and you have the god that the Jansenists worship Why would anybody worship a god like that I don't know but it probably has something to do with the fact that they are a monotheistic cult and when you only have one god and that god is a mean and nasty brute that smacks you over the head with a baseball bat when you step out of line then you don't have much of a choice Fortunately for us we don't have to believe that God is actually like that but that is another story for another time Anyway Phaedre is based on an Ancient Greek myth that has been the subject of a number of other plays including Phaedra by Seneca and Hippolytus by Euripides Racine also used Plutarch's biography of Theseus as a source for this work The play which probably suits Racine's style because he tended to write tragedies unlike Shakespeare who was a well rounded individual and this is uite a violent tragedy with a pretty nasty love triangle Basically the story involves the son of Theseus Hippolytus and the second wife of Theseus Phaedre didn't happen to be Hippolytus' mother As the story goes Phaedre was in love with Hippolytus but that was a forbidden love because she was his step mother and such a relationship would be incestuous However before I go further I assume you all know who Theseus is and if you don't well he was the guy that travelled to Crete and killed this dudeand then married this womanthat is Ariadne who is not to be confused with this womanbut after sailing away from Crete he dumped on on the island of Naxos to leave her like this There are some other photos that came up when I typed Ariadne into Google Images but I think I will leave it at that Anyway Theseus was what some would call a stud and what others would call a sleaze but hey when you are king of Athens and a hero to boot particularly in the world of the Ancient Greeks it is not surprising that you end up having your way with women However to cut a long story short Theseus killed the king of Athens because he was a prick that is the King of Athens but then you could say that Theseus was a prick as well because he did dump Ariadne on a island and hey I think the name Ariadne pretty cool and then banned the former king's daughter from marrying so that he would not have a contender to the throne However the problem turned out that Hippolytus was actually in love with her so you have this really bizarre love triangle which pretty much doesn't resolve itself because Hippolytus ends up dying in a tragic chariot accident or to use a modern example something like this You can probably picture it Theseus discovers that there is an affair going on between his wife and his son and bursts into a rage However his son knows that this is rubbish because well it's incest and Hippolytus will have nothing to do with it and anyway he's in love with this woman that he's not allowed to marry so father and son have a massive fight and the son jumps into his chariot and rushes out of the city in a rage and ends up getting himself killed It then turns out that Theseus discovers that Hippolytus is innocent and the whole thing was set up by Phaedra and her nurse because she is pissed that Hippolytus isn't returning her advances because it is incest and he will have none of it Anyway I could probably write but I don't really want to but may do so in the future if I feel like it but I don't really feel like it now even though this play is a masterpiece and Racine is a master tragedian but then again I think I have said enough so here is a picture by Pablo Picasso

  9. Laurence R. Laurence R. says:

    I was pleasantly surprised by this play even though I think it lacks originality which I know is one of caracteristics of this genre at this time

  10. Jonfaith Jonfaith says:

    Present I flee you absent I find you againWhere would we be without our foundation our Hellenic mythos? I appreciated Racine effort's to tantalize by interrogating these tropes The master certainly dazzles with his poetic images I was expecting of the interior lives of the characters and that didn't materialize Each appeared rigid in determination and almost moored by the mechanisms of Fate The idea of the Taboo proved a monolith and all association lead to tragedy including the unlikely appearance of a sea beast 34 stars rounded up

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