Nietzsche for Beginners PDF ↠ Nietzsche for eBook

Nietzsche for Beginners ❴Read❵ ➫ Nietzsche for Beginners Author Laurence Gane – Is God dead Is traditional morality just 'a useful mistake' Does 'the will to power' lead to the Holocaust What are the limitations of scientific knowledge Is human evolution complete or only just beg Is God dead Is traditional morality just 'a useful mistake' Does 'the will Nietzsche for eBook î to power' lead to the Holocaust What are the limitations of scientific knowledge Is human evolution complete or only just beginning All of these uestions are raised by Friedrich Nietzsche's philosophy It is difficult to over estimate the importance of Nietzsche for our present time His extraordinary insights into human psychology morality religion and power seem uite clairvoyant today existentialism psychoanalysis semiotics and postmodernism are plainly anticipated in his writings This book reflects the diversity and depth of this great th century thinker It shows Nietzsche as a fearless critic of vanity and bad faith the philosopher who Freud believed had 'greater self knowledge than anyone I have read'.

10 thoughts on “Nietzsche for Beginners

  1. Paul Bryant Paul Bryant says:

    From what this short sharp graphic guide tells you if somebody was to have leaned over a balcony and dropped a television on Nietzsche’s head as he was walking by that would have not been such a bad thing Or crept up behind him and gave him a little push and sent him tumbling down the stairs like you might do with your grandma if you were in a playful frame of mind And if he mortally wounded his vast moustache on the way down to the ground floor so much the better Rarely has the world seen a grumpier old bastard than Nietzsche And there have been a lot of grumpy old bastards there’s never a shortage of those Nietzsche could have won the World’s Grumpiest Man contest for the Austro Hungarian Empire He would have strolled itAs well as World’s Grumpiest and World’s Biggest Moustache he was World’s Most Pompous His books were filled with Eiffel Tower sized grandiose pomposities which he called aphorisms and expected everyone to notice how wise profound and knee trembling they were and when no one read any of this crap he became even grumpier and serve him right too Let us contemplate a few of these aphorisms The majesty of truth is not scaled by the rope ladder of logicThe sense of the tragic increases and diminishes with sensualityThat which is done out of love always takes place beyond good and evilMadness is something rare in individuals – but in groups parties peoples ages it is the ruleNo one can extract from things books included than he already knowsLet the tribe sacrifice itself if necessary to preserve the existence of one great individual It is not the uantity but the uality of humanity that we must seek to increaseIt’s like Nietzsche had a Profundity Generator chugging away in his study churning out pages of this ridiculous stuff hopping from one huge topic to another History Appolline Philosophy Religion Psychology Toadstools Interior Decoration in 15th century Armenia Every one of these statements makes no literal sense and this guide never takes to time to figure out what he might have actually meant with most of it it just skips madly on to the next one Nietzsche loved to spray around words like Truth Knowledge and Power without saying what he meant Truth about what? Power for who? Here’s another one Either one does not dream at all or one dreams in an interesting mannerAu contraire Mr Nietzsche I got you there I have had many immensely dull dreams Until finally we get to an idea which we can focus on finally This is where Nietzsche puts forward his ideas on how the morality of Western society has been deliberately sabotaged by Christianity And this is where hipsters like to sling Thus Spake Zarathustra or Beyond Good ‘n’ Evil back forth because they are boldly anti Christian and I have to give fair play to Nietzsche here because that was indeed uite a bold thing to be in the 19th Century and still is in Texas So back to the story in bracing ancient Greek ‘n’ Roman times there was a set of NOBLE ethics Aristocrats could do what the hell they wanted to achieve greatness Er since you ask the idea of greatness is not explained This noble morality was overthrown by the SLAVE morality of Christianity which substitutes COMPASSION PITY and LOVE for all the weak members of society But as far as Nietzsche was concerned altruism was where the rot set in I single out PITY as the fundamental “anti life” instinct for in pitying another we weaken ourselves nor do we benefit the object of our pitySuch a strange statement – tell that to the beneficiaries of the Medicines sans Frontiers teams everywhereThe idea seems like pure social Darwinism – we shouldn’t help or preserve the weak because they deserve to die they’re just dragging the rest of us down So does Nietzsche pave the way to Tiergartenstrasse 4 This guide strenuously points out that Nietzsche was not an anti Semite or a nationalist and so you shouldn’t think of him as a proto Nazi It seems to be uite true but he did think that the weak should die and great men should be unconstrained by the morality of slavery so you say tomato and I say Heil Hitler This guide tells us that lotsa big names have had a lot of time for Nietzsche since he went mad and died such as Wittgenstein Heidegger Sartre Derrida and Foucault So what do I know I think I would still have dropped a television on his head or maybe a bowling ball

  2. Atri Atri says:

    A psychological critiue must draw on the author's own psychic reality if it is to have real insight Here Nietzsche paid the full price for his self knowledge When I have looked into my Zarathustra I walk up and down in my room for half an hour unable to master an unbearable fit of sobbingThe price of great despair is revealed in these two sentences from Nietzsche's draft notes to Will to Power1886 8It has now lasted ten years no sound penetrates to me a land without rain A man must have a vast amount of humanity at his disposal in order to pine away in such a drought

  3. Victor Finn Victor Finn says:

    The first book I read by Nietzsche was Thus Spake Zarathustra At the end of my edition of the book there was an essay that said that Thus Spake Zarathustra is the most inaccessible of Nietzsche's works and it should be read only after having read the rest of his body of work Gee would have liked to know that beforehand That being said I still enjoyed Thus Spake Zarathustra immensely even though I did not agree with its opinions all of the time Ever since I read it I was looking for a book that would be considered a great introduction to Nietzsche's works In this short little graphic novel style book of excerpts and illustrations I have found it Each page averages perhaps three sentences and also has a drawing to accompany them The drawings in this book are superb I was skeptical that a graphic novel style introduction to a philosopher would work but it really does in a peculiar way The illustrations are all very gritty without being overly so which creates a nice atmosphere to read Nietzsche in The first couple of pages are taken up by a little introduction to Nietzsche's life which was very interesting and from then on almost every page is a different one of his ideas or points summarized In fact this book does such a good job of summarizing Nietzsche's philosophy that you could easily blaze through the book and end up absorbing nothing The proper way to read this book is to read it very slowly and carefully and at the end of every idea that is presented you should ask yourself if you understand it and rather or not you agree If you read it the proper way than much intellectual stimulation is to be had since I can't imagine there isn't a single modern person who won't be challenged by Nietzsche He criticizes every dearly held truth Science Morality Religion Euality the State if you haven't been challenged by Nietzsche you haven' been reading him right And regardless of rather or not you agree with him his ideas are always worth considering and are always cleverly thought out All in all an extremely enjoyable read I look forward to going back and reading Thus Spake Zarathustra one day and reading the rest of Nietzsche's works

  4. Jigar Brahmbhatt Jigar Brahmbhatt says:

    Very helpful if you want a uick taste of all his ideas make a list of those that interest you the most and dig them further in scholarly books Here are some random jottings1 Kant epitomized the tradition of thought going back to Plato which seeks knowledge of final truths beyond the confines of our daily experience an underlying timeless reality like Schopenhauer’s idea of Will This conception of truth wants to transcend the particular facts of any culture or individual or indeed history itself Kant describes this domain of timeless truth as noumena things in themselves opposing it to phenomena things as they appear to our senses2 Because we are confined to the use of reason and sensory perception we can never know the noumenal world Yet Kant still insists that such a world exists He thinks we are excluded from it by our senses which like rose tinted spectacles present everything to us under various fixed categories – time space causality – from which we cannot escape 3 So Kant limits his inuiry to the uestion of what we can reliably know within the above described limits 4 What separates Nietzsche from Kant is the belief in Becoming A need for a fixed and timeless universe makes no sense at all; it is simply the resentment of the metaphysicians against the real This idea of Becoming will later produce Nietzsche's maxim Become what you are the notorious symbol of the Superman 5 Research will show us that there are moralities but not morality – no timeless realm where the goodness and truth of a Plato or a Christ can reign 'happily forever” This will lead us finally to the hardest of truths concerning morality in Beyond Good and Evil 1886 There are no moral phenomena at all only a moral interpretation of phenomena 6 For example let's consider how we regard a person as being virtuous A virtuous ie good person is praised by others for the good he does to them The virtues obedience chastity justness industriousness etc will actually harm the person who possesses them If you possess a virtue you are its victim Thus we praise virtue in others because we derive advantages from it7 Nietzsche's thoughts on scientific inuiry are every bit as challenging as his views on morality and religion Science as an absolute value – as a new religion for our Godless age is heavily criticized The pursuit of knowledge for its own sake makes as little sense as the pursuit of goodness for its own sake and can be just as harmful If we ask goodness for what purpose? so we must also insist on knowledge for what purpose? The scientist too often behaves as the servant of knowledge; instead let knowledge be the servant of man “There are a lot of things I do not wish to know Wisdom sets a limit to knowledge too” – wrote Nietzsche 8 What we have achieved through science are descriptions of greater and greater complexity and sophistication But we have “explained” nothing Such phenomena remain as magical to us today as they did to the most primitive human beings9 We describe a cause as producing an effect but this is a crude duality as the Scottish philosopher David Hume 1711 76 had pointed out Causality is a useful human tool for picturing a process of events – but nothing Case and effect probably never occurs – in reality there stands before us a continuum of which we isolate a couple of pieces we do not “see” cause we “infer” it 10 So if we chop up the endless continuum at the world into manageable pieces for our digestion let us not imagine that the menu we prepare for ourselves is the only or even the tastiest one Yet the hubris of science insists that it is11 A nation is a detour of nature to arrive at six or seven great men Yes and then to get round them A struggle not for existence Darwin but rather a struggle for greatness and with that a struggle for power This highly undemocratic view of humanity as a kind of raw material out of which a few great individuals will emerge leads to the uestion of Nietzsche's political views which are far from ordinary the notion of superman?12 Twilight of the Idols well exemplifies Nietzsche's method of irony philosophizing with the hammer as with a tuning fork Here we find his famous paradox I fear we are not getting rid of God because we still believe in grammar This in a few words sums up Jacues Derrida's programme of deconstruction that is his attack on the Western tradition of Iogocentrism Nietzsche had always criticized the illusion that the existence of a word guarantees the truth of what the word refers to13 Nietzsche also provides the source of another influential postmodern idea Jean Baudrillard's notion of the simulacrum or the nullification of reality itself as hyper reality In a single page Nietzsche traces the six stages How the Real World at last Became a Myth The real world or the History of an Error which begins with Plato's Idealism and passes on to Christianity Kantianism Logical Positivism becomes increasingly unknown until it is of no use superfluous and is finally abolished We have abolished the real world what world is left? The apparent world perhaps? 14 Nietzsche's call for a revaluation of all values is a pre figurement of Jacues Derrida's strategy of disruption in philosophy which he named deconstruction Deconstruction is a notoriously slippery term it is in fact undecidable Derrida 1930 2004 himself suggested that deconstruction should be described as a suspicion against thinking what is the essence of? In this sense it is an attack on the Western metaphysical tradition of logo centrism which seeks a single timeless and fixed point of origin for truth Such a declaration of war finds its precedent in Nietzsche's principle of suspicion15 Nietzsche's writings in their use of irony playful paradox and disruption of classical logic are a model for Derrida's proposal of deconstruction Both thinkers agree that the age old dream of a foundational truth must finally be relinuished If one can truly understand why there cannot be a Nietzschean philosophy then it will become clear why Derrida insists that deconstruction must not become deconstructionism It must not surrender to becoming a rule governed method a foundation I'd say that deconstruction loses nothing from admitting that it is impossible

  5. Dyary Abubakr Dyary Abubakr says:

    Nietzsche he who can make your jaw drop while you read not a book of his not a paragraph but a single sentence a single sentence of his can make you freeze and think for hours for daysbecause as he himself said “It is my ambition to say in ten sentences what others say in a whole book” Nietzsche shakes every shackle on your unused brain he dives into the depth of human mind discovers the origin of every human feeling fear joy and sufferingthis book was a beautiful and amazing introduction of Nietzsche it truly makes you thankful for discovering himhe can really help you understand yourself even better to overcome yourself and become what he was hoping for to become superhuman

  6. Paul Dembina Paul Dembina says:

    An informative run through of Nietzscheian philosophy I came to this knowing virtually nothing and ended up knowing somethingOne criticism I have is that this series of books worked best when the text and pictures worked together to aid understanding With this particular book I didn't think the basic illustrations added very much

  7. Rajiv Rajiv says:

    I can't tell you just how brilliant this book is Friedrich Nietzsche is one of the greatest philosophers of all time and his ideas can be difficult to understand He has also produced a lot of books which are dense and rife with allegories philosophical thoughts and reflections on life reality and religion among other things This book a collaboration by Gane and Piero does an amazing work of condensing his thoughts into an accessible formatThe text is clear sharp and easy to understand It is extremely concise in fact I don't think I've seen one word being wasted and exact Although it may be easy to read the text is crammed with ideas and information that will blow your mind with every turn of the page Simply put it's an unbelievably thorough yet brief expedition through the mind of one of the greatest thinkers of our timeDespite being a big fan of Nietzsche I've only read Thus Spoke Zarathustra in detail as a matter of fact I did my dissertation on it I'm not wholly unfamiliar with his other books but this was a great introduction to the concepts and ideas Nietzsche raised through his bibliography I can't say that I'm now conversant about Nietzsche but I can proudly say that I'm now learned than everThe illustrations are uite interesting They are absurd little pieces that are used to support the text Complement is the exact word with which they can be described They don't overwhelm any of the text at any point which is a great thing I felt the caricatures of modern philosophers and thinkers were spot on yet they felt alien and too far reaching at timesFinally I wholeheartedly recommend this book If you love Nietzsche and need brief reminders of his concepts keep this in your shelf If you're looking to immerse yourself into the ocean that is Nietzsche begin here Either way you won't lose

  8. Tim Pendry Tim Pendry says:

    This book is part of a series of graphic accounts of significant modern philosophers and ideas The original idea behind the series was that you could educate through a combination of image and crisp short summaries of the life and history of complicated people and concepts This is both absurd and helpful None of these books largely produced in the post modern fervour of the 1990s can do than skim the surface of a subject Ideas can be so foreshortened that they are meaningless to the uneducated subject The graphics are often crude but they serve their purpose only rarely adding to the obscurities instead of enlightening usOn the other hand they offer two hours approximately of comic book summary of the main tenets of a thinker or movement with valuable pointers to further reading or study They are very useful and entertaining in that contextTo a great extent they have been superseded by the internet Wikipedia and a basic Google search can deliver similar short reliable summaries with links at the click of a mouse but they still have their role in opening up the minds of many people who would never otherwise come up against these ideasPersonally I am a great admirer of Nietzsche who though not flawless provided us with some very fundamental insights into human psychology and engaged deeply with some of the toughest metaphysical and other philosophical problems encountered in Western philosophyWe have long since left Marx and Freud behind largely because of the excesses of their followers but we have scarcely touched the surface of Nietzsche's contribution to thought even if his analyses may never be fully acceptable in 'polite society' He is the most inconvenient of philosophersThere is no point in summarising a summary account of his life and thinking I have my own theory of his 'madness' about which of course doubts have been raised so if you are not interested in this do not read on and just make a judgement on the book on the basis of your need The probability is of a serious nervous breakdown and mental instability but it strikes me that it is not accidental that it was triggered by a horse being beaten by a man in publicNietzsche's thought derived in part from his absolute refusal to compromise in trying to understand the reality of 'herd' behaviour in effect social psychology and in communicating his findings about that behaviour to a world that by his own analysis had too much at stake in seeing the bones beneath the skinIt was not a truly free society an intellectual elite acted as a thin veneer of public morality and of ideology within a system that remained fundamentally brutal in its demands for service from its members The masters indeed had become slaves to their slaves in order to maintain order both social and culturalNietzsche was the liberationist of the individual against this system but was uite definitely one without much of an understanding of the components of the 'herd' outside his class He thought that a man of the elite he is ambiguous about women could liberate himself from the obligations imposed by the collective from below without perhaps understanding that the elite had a great deal of material interest in creating this system of self policing in a complex industrial society Unlike Marx Nietzsche clearly did not understand how industrial society was different from the pagan world of the pastWithin such a bourgeois culture faced with a threat from within their own community people like Nietzsche are handled not through attack but through a policy of isolation as inconvenient and 'not to the point' This how the intelligentsia operates in any case through systematic exclusion of those who do not accept the prevailing ideology I am sure that many fine minds with perhaps similar if much less developed ideas have languished in obscurity unable without leisure to record their thinking even in the lower ranks of bourgeois Germany Nietzsche was both lucky and unlucky in living at the cusp of a new age On the one hand there was sufficient freedom from cultural authority to enable free expression On the other there was an insufficient plurality of cultural communications for that free expression at least in his life time that might counter the dead weight of the existing German elitePart of Nietzsche's famous breach with Wagner derived from anger at the great artist's slow and steady absorption into this dominant culture rather than challenge it with a new 'pagan' affirmation of life Wagner abandoned the Nibelungenlied for Parzifal Nietzsche can occasionally sound as if he is pessimistic in this context which is certainly the view of most persons faced with the grim Doctrine of the Eternal Return but in fact his entire work cannot be understood except as an attempt to affirm life in the face of the much grimmer pessimism of Schopenhauer Schopenhauer's miserabilism might be regarded as the natural thinking response to the flummery of Christian duty but one that as in Wagner's case eually permitted submission to its demands Amongst the elaborate lies we weave to keep ourselves 'sane' Wagner appeared to choose Schopenhauerian negation and Nietzsche never forgave him for this Nietzsche used up vasts amount of psychic energy in seeking out his own 'truth' he never accepted that there could be a 'Truth' and his 'truth' which was based on a rigorous stripping away of layers of social illusion and convenient irrationalities including the illusion of rationality itself could only have value either to someone in a similar position to him a bourgeois mind with a mission or to a society that felt itself free to experiment with freedom Nietzsche took his vision often writing his books in a matter of days after months of cogitation and laid it out remorselessly to his then non readers in a drive for self exploration that a critic might consider as neurotic in itself His thinking was a necessity not a desire and the resultant body of work obscure though it may be in places is one of the greatest creative uses of the mind in human history It proved a revolution in thinking that spread first amongst intellectuals overseas then returned to Germany in a bastardised form irrelevant to all those truly interested in the thought Once purged of its absurd followers bit ecame a central source for nearly all modern continental philosophy and for a critiue of power that in my view has now become truly salient in the social conditions arising from rapid change in the technology of communicationsThe point is that Nietzsche described the social world accurately than any preceding philosopher and placed it in a metaphysical context His observations now seem in closest accord with the dark findings of the cognitive scientists and the social psychologists about how we humans actually operate and command the world Many Enlightenment trained intellectuals will run around like frightened rabbits and then sink into a gloom at Milgram's experiments or the Holocaust as if their thinking will change anything about these things Nietzsche would not have been surprised in either case for it is just how he saw that the 'herd' operates and the educated elite responds Even now Western liberal thinking has still not come to terms with the death of Reason as substitute for Revelation and is turning to 'nudge' as its last desperate fling at dealing with inconvenient truthsWhere he was lucky in his legacy is precisely in not being acceptable too soon Marx saw Marxism boom and bust as it seized power perverted power and then died because Marx's undoubted insights were hobbled by Engels' scientific materialism Freud was to have a similar problem with Freudians who became sucked like Marxists into complex and fixed ideologies of mind that soon came unstuck in a perverse reversal of what happened to Marxism by not being scientific enoughNietzche on the other hand was followed initially by maniacs who seriously perverted his message the malign racial nationalism of his sister and of German radical nationalists but who did this to such a ridiculous degree that his work not merely survived but emerged strengthened 'For what does not kill strengthens' in his often uoted aphorism Nietzsche's approach to life survives precisely because it is individualistic and anti ideological It cannot be systematised like Marxism yet it embodies its critiue of Reason in the terms of reasoning itself It out reasons Reason and brilliantly and entertainingly at thatThis will soon bring us back to the flogged horse so be patient Because the flaw in Nietzsche's thinking arises from the conditions in which he did his thinking You must imagine a man isolated but following the logic of his own thought in a way that others might have considered 'mad' well before his diagnosed 'madness' Yet the brilliance and power of reasoning and determination could not permit such a judgement reasonably while he still thought and wrote However this man may have been hard on the human race's capacity for illusion but he was also hard on himself He knew the logic of the situation He was seeing into the heart of the human condition Evolution must eventually see humanity negate itself completely in its illusions as many post modern French thinkers seem to suggest is happening or 'become' something else This latter is the real 'trans human' message behind the 'ubermensch' an individual transformation that evolves into a species transformation or else sees humanity as an evolutionary dead end for humanity as a whole Some may now expect the 'ubermensch' to be found in the world of artificial intelligence raising the interesting conundrum of which sort of negation we might choose in the long run spiritual or physicalWhether he saw himself as an 'ubermensch' is unclear It is unlikely He was a prophet of the new type like his Zarathustra a man crying 'God is dead' in a world that thought him 'mad' And so we come to his fundamental flaw He rightly castigated 'compassion' He was right to do so in two senses First as the psychic vampirism of the liberal or Christian or progressive with power in hand whose 'compassion' is a form of power relation denying the rights of the victim to be anything other than a victim Second in the Buddhist sense of a distanced 'compassion' for the world a 'compassion' which is the negation of existence a refusal to engage in lifeIn his determination to call the tune on the 'slave mentality' and the life negating aspects of these two types of compassion which are really forms of self centred victimisation of others and of oneself respectively he hardened himself and he forgot a third form of compassion There was no energy left for this compassion and no insight into the self to see its necessity This is the third form of compassion one that arises from the Will to Power where another or others becomes existentially chosen without illusion to become part of oneself yet with respect for their own autonomy It is in short 'love' Poor Nietzsche never seems to have had the chance to experience this sense of worlds entwined and of the interconnection between euals that goes far beyond the nonsense of modern romanticismIn his one big blind spot he did not understand just how much his Will to Power was bound up with the libido where we are indebted to Freud in raising its presence as unconscious drive This is the energy designed to acuire '' and make oneself whole being social animals this includes relations with others All relations with others are relations of power but at a certain point we can decide ourselves whether they are relations of power that are inherited especially inherited by our slavish internal needs created by society for society as in Christian cultural repression or they are relations of power that we create and in which our true nature is best expressed by having relations of power that are calibrated to be as eual as possible Why? Because that is how we get our greatest pleasure conversing within an aristocracy of euals not materially but existentiallyBy the time of his madness Nietzsche will have been very isolated and lonely There was no love in his life No interconnection Certainly no aristocracy of existential euals Nor could he expect such an aristocracy to emerge in his life time indeed one may be emerging only now with new forms of communication When he saw that horse beaten I surmise he saw not merely himself beaten but the raw misery of a world in which one man may speak the truth of what is to come and yet know that no one will understand until he is long dead if at all Worse by the doctrine of the eternal return his life would be an eternal round of such existential lonelinesses This does not negate his affirmation of life but his surge of compassion for that horse is a rising up of compassion for a humanity that does not 'get it' and for himself as the person who does and is before his time Given everything that had gone before his only 'choice' is an assumed or actual madness In a parody of the Christian message which he excoriated mercilessly Nietzsche is 'crucified' on the cross of his own humanity

  9. Alexandru Alexandru says:

    Great intro to Nietzsche's ideas which are becoming relevant today PS At the end of the book the answer can be found on why Nietzsche being highly critical of German culture at that moment in time Prussia's rise and writing against anti semitism was mutilated by his sister after his death to become one of the Hitler's main author used for Mein Kempf

  10. Donald Donald says:

    I found this while at the bookshop looking for something else I liked the look of the cover so I picked it up and had a flick through It is very pretty and very desirable Introductory texts like this often piue my interest but my sense of pride or machismo makes me hesitate The booming voice in my head says not tough enough for the original material Senor uixote? And I am not I've trudged through a couple of Nietzche's works and found it heavy going not much of it stuckBut I walked out with it anyway having justified the purchase by calling it a Christmas present for my brother He wouldn't mind if I read it gently before I wrapped it upI read it cover to cover in a couple of days and I got a lot out of it Some of those ideas I half understood became a little clear and I learnt a lot about how N fits in with his contemporaries But I don't think this book works best read like a novel It's strength is in the way it neatly summarises his big ideas and points to where they come from in his other works It is something I'd love to have on my shelf so I can uickly remind myself of the major themes and know where to find out about themThe format comic pictures and text works well for me I'm no expert on graphic matters but I like the way the historical figures are given a bit of personality Makes them memorable

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *